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摘要:军事战争分析报告范文三篇 Military war analysis report fan Wen three 中途岛战役 Battle Of Midway The article return to the Battle of Midway by Thomas B. Allen is a summary of the battle. While Allen tells of the events, he also tells......

军事战争分析报告范文三篇  Military war analysis report fan Wen three

 

中途岛战役 Battle Of Midway 

 
The article return to the Battle of Midway by Thomas B. Allen is a summary of the battle. While Allen tells of the events, he also tells of the stories behind the events. It is interesting to note that the stories came from both sides of the war. Allen found himself on Ballard’s ship, Ballard was the man that found the Titanic, and the people that he interviewed were actually shipmates. They were looking for the Yorktown, a ship that had been sunk by the Japanese. Taisuke Maruyama was in charge of the airplane that bombed the Yorktown. He recalls how he didn’t want to die before dropping the torpedo. The other three survivors on Ballard’s ship aside from Surgi were Harry Ferrier, Yuji Akamatsu, and Haruo Yoshino. They had all been in the air during the battle. They attacked the Arizona and the Oklahoma respectively.
 
 Two months later they were on their way to attack the naval base at the Island of Midway. The Japanese were getting ready to lead a major offensive, spearheaded by four aircraft carriers supported by eleven destroyers, two battleships and three cruisers. As the Japanese sailed toward Midway, they believed that they would be able to surprise the Americans, but in fact, the Americans were ready with the Hornet, the Yorktown, and the Enterprise. Thanks to the American cryptanalysts, the Navy was not taken by surprise. These code breakers sent messages that they knew the Japanese could decipher. American carriers met at point Luck and got ready for battle.
 
Thomas B. Allen的文章《回到中途岛战役》是对这场战役的总结。在艾伦讲述这些事件的同时,他也讲述了事件背后的故事。有趣的是,这些故事来自战争双方。艾伦发现自己在巴拉德的船上,巴拉德是发现泰坦尼克号的人,他采访的人实际上是船友。他们正在寻找被日本人击沉的“约克镇号”。Taisuke Maruyama负责轰炸约克镇的飞机。他回忆说,在投下鱼雷之前,他不想死。除Surgi外,巴拉德船上的其他三名幸存者是Harry Ferrier、Yuji Akamatsu和Haruo Yoshino。他们在战斗中都在空中。他们分别攻击亚利桑那号和俄克拉荷马号。
 
两个月后,他们去攻击中途岛的海军基地。日本人正准备发动一场大规模进攻,由四艘航空母舰带头,外加11艘驱逐舰、两艘战列舰和三艘巡洋舰。当日本人驶往中途岛时,他们相信他们能够使美国人大吃一惊,但事实上,美国人已经准备好了大黄蜂号、约克镇号和企业号。多亏了美国密码分析员,海军才没有感到意外。这些密码破解者发送了他们知道日本人能破译的信息。美国航母在幸运点相遇,准备战斗。
 
The Americans were outnumbered and hoped to find the Japanese first for the upper hand. They found them, and just like American intelligence had expected, the Japanese attacked Dutch Harbor followed by the attack on Midway. Because of this Japanese planes found themselves within a swarm of heavy antiaircraft fire. Even so, the Japanese zeros killed most of the American fighters. American ships were sent to attack Japanese ships, with very disappointing results. The Japanese were ready for the second phase, but could not proceed because of very strong American opposition. Both sides continued to fight, the U.S. came strong, but none of the Devastators hit an enemy ship.
 
These Devastators kept the Japanese busy while the dive-bombers got into position. These dive-bombers did most of the damage; in about six minutes they hit three carriers and set them on fire. The ships were so badly damaged; the Japanese had to abandon them. Later on, the Americans lost the Yorktown and the Hamman, which had to be towed.
Then, a Japanese submarine escaped detection and managed to sink both ships. The Americans then sunk another carrier, which was the turning point in a war that lasted for three more years, the important thing being that Japan would never again launch an offensive.
 
美国人寡不敌众,希望首先发现日本人占上风。他们找到了他们,正如美国情报部门所预料的那样,日本人袭击了荷兰港,接着又袭击了中途岛。正因为如此,日本飞机才发现自己置身于密集的高射炮火力之中。即便如此,日本的零号战斗机还是杀死了大部分的美国战斗机。美国船只被派去攻击日本船只,结果非常令人失望。日本人已经为第二阶段做好了准备,但由于美国的强烈反对而无法进行。双方继续战斗,美国强大起来,但没有一艘毁灭战舰击中敌人的船只。
 
当俯冲轰炸机就位时,这些毁灭者让日本人忙得不可开交。这些俯冲轰炸机造成了大部分的破坏;在大约六分钟内,他们击中了三艘航母并将其点燃。船只严重受损;日本人不得不抛弃他们。后来,美军失去了约克镇号(Yorktown)和哈曼号(Hamman),它们不得不被拖走。
 
然后,一艘日本潜艇逃脱了侦测并设法击沉了两艘船。美国击沉了另一艘航母,这是一场持续了三年之久的战争的转折点,重要的是日本再也不会发动进攻。
 

Battle Of Saipan  塞班战役

 
Dawn came too early for the Japanese soldiers on the island of Saipan on June 15, 1944. Little did they know that within a few short hours, they would be in one of the most important battles of World War II with America. This battle lasted for nearly a month and produced tens of thousands of both civilian and military deaths. The Battle of Saipan, as it is called, was a turning point for American, and all Allied, forces during World War II. The capture of the island of Saipan, south of Japan and one of the Marianas Islands, was deemed important to the United States (US) for several reasons. Its location, in perspective to Japan, would provide more than sufficient locations for airstrips for the Army Air Corps newest invention, the B-29 bomber, and a center of command for the Navy’s Pacific Fleet. It was also believed to be a communications center for all of the Inner South Seas Empire of Japan. However, the most important reason being the US felt that a strike to one of the central bases would a crippling move to the Empire of Japan.
 
Under the command of Vice Admiral Richmond Kelly Turner, the Marines were sent to overtake the island of Japan in Operation Forager. The first wave of soldiers hit at 8:40 A.M., local time. The Marine Corps 4th Division was charged with attacking the beachhead; however, they were not alone. Navy and Army airplanes provided air support along with heavy artillery fire from battleships off of the island. They were faced with a well fortified beachhead. Japanese artillery bombarded US soldiers and landing craft with pinpoint accuracy. The US forces were heading up a steep grade into Japanese machine gun fire. Over 2,000 soldiers lost their life landing on the beach (Breaching). On the night of the 15th the Japanese mounted a large counter attack; however, the Marines remained in control of Charan Kanoa beach. The Americans aimed on pushing all the way to the Phillipine Sea on the other end of the island. The Japanese did their best to hold back their positions. They had thousands suicide troops who would attack on command. Shortly before the command for one final suicide run took place for his troops, General Y. Saito, as is tradition, had one last meal with his friends and killed himself. The island was officially declared secure on July 9th, 1944, but it would take months to completely remove all of the Japanese forces hiding in shadow (World). The Marines in charge of clearing the countryside were in deeper than they knew.
 
1944年6月15日,对塞班岛上的日本士兵来说,黎明来得太早了。他们几乎不知道,在短短几小时内,他们将与美国展开第二次世界大战中最重要的战役之一。这场战斗持续了将近一个月,造成成千上万的平民和军人死亡。塞班之战是第二次世界大战期间美国及所有盟国军队的转折点。日本南部的塞班岛和马里亚纳群岛的一个岛屿被认为对美国很重要,原因有几个。从日本的角度来看,它的位置将为陆军航空兵最新发明的B-29轰炸机提供足够多的简易机场,并为海军太平洋舰队提供一个指挥中心。它也被认为是日本所有内南海帝国的通讯中心。然而,最重要的原因是,美国认为,对其中一个中心基地的打击将对日本帝国造成严重损害。
 
在海军中将里士满·凯利·特纳的指挥下,海军陆战队在“觅食行动”中被派去夺取日本岛。第一波士兵在当地时间上午8:40到达。海军陆战队第四师负责进攻滩头阵地;然而,他们并不孤单。海军和陆军的飞机提供了空中支援,并从岛上的战舰上发射了重炮。他们面对着设防严密的滩头阵地。日本炮兵以极精确的精度轰炸美国士兵和登陆艇。在日军的机枪火力下,美军正沿着陡坡前进。2000多名士兵在登陆海滩时牺牲。15日晚,日军发动了大规模反攻;然而,海军陆战队仍然控制着查兰卡诺瓦海滩。美国人的目标是一路推进到该岛另一端的菲律宾海。日本人尽力保住自己的阵地。他们有成千上万的自杀部队,他们会在接到命令后进攻。就在他的部队接到最后一次自杀逃亡的命令前不久,按照传统,Y.斋藤将军和他的朋友们吃了最后一顿饭后自杀了。1944年7月9日,该岛正式宣布处于安全状态,但要将所有隐藏在阴影中的日本军队完全清除还需要几个月的时间。负责清理乡村的海军陆战队深入到他们不知道的深处。
 
Prior to the US invasions, the Japanese governments told the citizens of Saipan that if the US were to take the island, the women would get raped and kill their children. The simple citizens knew no better and believed what their leaders had said. Naturally, when the people saw US troops coming over the hill, they panicked. Over 5,000 civilians chose to commit suicide by jumping off of a cliff or holding a grenade. David Casteel, a veteran Marine from the Battle of Saipan, commented about this incredible sight, “You just didn’t let yourself go. A lot of young fellas let themselves go and they ended up in Section 8…the sanitarium.
 
This war was costly to both armies. The Japanese lost over 29,000 troops, and the US lost over 3,000 troops. The victory over Saipan was incredible and a real turning point in World War II. The first landing strip on that side of the Pacific was at Isley Field in Saipan. Through accurate artillery, a strong military, and a wise command, the US won the Battle of Saipan and used it as a stepping stone to combat Japan.
Bibliography: Breaching the Marianas: The Battle for Saipan. Maxwell Air Force Base Resource. 12 Nov. 2002. David Casteel. Personal interview. 31 Oct. 2002. World War II: Events and Results. The History Channel. 7 Nov. 2002.
 
在美国入侵之前,日本政府告诉塞班岛的居民,如果美国占领该岛,妇女将被强奸和杀害自己的孩子。头脑简单的公民们对此一无所知,他们相信他们的领导人所说的话。自然,当人们看到美军从山上过来时,他们惊慌失措。超过5000名平民选择了跳下悬崖或手持手榴弹自杀。大卫•Casteel资深海洋从塞班岛战役中,评论关于这个令人难以置信的景象,“你只是不让自己去。很多年轻的伙计们让自己去和他们最终8节…疗养院。
 
这场战争使双方军队都付出了代价。日本损失了2万9千名士兵,美国损失了3千多名士兵。对塞班岛的胜利令人难以置信,是第二次世界大战的真正转折点。太平洋彼岸的第一个降落跑道是在塞班岛的伊斯利菲尔德。通过精确的火炮、强大的军事力量和明智的指挥,美国赢得了塞班战役,并以此作为打击日本的垫脚石。
 
参考书目:《突破马里亚纳海峡:塞班之战》。麦克斯韦空军基地资源。2002年11月12日。大卫Casteel。个人面试。2002年10月31日。二战:事件和结果。历史频道,2002年11月7日。
 

Why Did The US Enter WWI 美国为什么要加入一战

 
 World War I was a military conflict from 1914 to 1918. It began as a local European war between Austria-Hungary and Serbia on July 28, 1914. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand on June 28, 1914 sparked the war. Senator George Norris of Nebraska felt that the United States remain neutral. In his speech, he stated that war only brought [prosperity to the stock gambler on Wallstreet.] It was not until three years after the assassination, that the United States declared war in April 16, 1917. The United States entered World War I with the Allies due to economic, social, and political conflicts. Economically, the United States entered the war by the increase of exports to Great Britain and France. Trade quadrupled from 1914 to 1917.
 
According to statistics, from 1914 to 1917, exports to Great Britain rose by about $1.5 billion dollars. Exports to France rose by about $500 million dollars. In 1914, Secretary of State, William Jennings Bryan, wrote a message to President Wilson saying that giving loans to the Allies would make the United States [all more difficult to maintain neutrality.] Despite Bryan’s message, by 1917 American banks loaned $2.3 billion dollars to the Allies and only $27 million to the Central Powers.
 
第一次世界大战是1914年至1918年的军事冲突。它开始于1914年7月28日奥匈帝国和塞尔维亚之间的欧洲局部战争。1914年6月28日,弗朗茨·斐迪南大公被暗杀,引发了这场战争。内布拉斯加州参议员乔治·诺里斯(George Norris)认为美国保持中立。在他的演讲中,他说战争只给华尔街的股票赌徒们带来了繁荣。直到刺杀事件三年后,美国才在1917年4月16日宣战。由于经济、社会和政治上的冲突,美国加入了第一次世界大战。经济上,美国加入战争是由于对英国和法国出口的增加。贸易从1914年到1917年翻了两番。
 
据统计,从1914年到1917年,对英国的出口增长了大约15亿美元。对法国的出口增长了大约5亿美元。1914年,美国国务卿威廉·詹宁斯·布莱恩(William Jennings Bryan)给威尔逊总统写信说,向盟国提供贷款将使美国更难保持中立。到1917年,美国银行向协约国提供了23亿美元的贷款,而向同盟国提供的贷款只有2700万美元。
 
Politically, the United States “entered the war because of unrestricted submarine warfare from Germany that affected exports to Britain. In January 1917, President Wilson stated in his war message to Congress that [German submarine warfare against commerce is warfare against mankind.] On May 17, 1915, an Unterseaboat [German for submarine] sank the Lusitania, a British liner, killing 1,198 people, including 128 Americans. Two months later another U-boat sank another British liner, the Arabic, drowning two Americans. After these two liners sank, Germany agreed not to sink any more.
In March 1916, Germany broke its promise and torpedoed the Sussex (not sinking), a French passenger steamer killing 80 passengers, including Americans. Socially, the United States entered the war in response to the intercepted Zimmerman Note sent from Germany to Mexico in January 1917. The Zimmerman Note was the spark that ignited the fire that burned America’s neutrality. The telegram was an indirect invitation to Mexico to [reconquer lost territory in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona.] Americans also felt connected to England because of common ancestry, language and literature, and similar legal systems.
 
There were allegations of industrial sabotage, poisoning water supplies, kidnapping individuals, and engaging in espionage within American labor unions by Germans to keep the United States busy on the home front. The rumors/propaganda, along with extensive submarine warfare, added to the distrust of the Germans. The United States entered World War I due to economic, political, and social contributes. Exports and loans to the Allies grew dramatically. The unrestricted submarine warfare enraged the United States and affected its economy. The Zimmerman Note, the feeling of being a cultural brother to Great Britain, and rumors triggered entrance to the war. These conflicts made American neutrality virtually impossible.
 
在政治上,美国“进入无限制潜艇战的战争,因为德国影响出口到英国。1917年1月,威尔逊总统在他给国会的战争咨文中说[德国对商业的潜艇战就是对人类的战]。1915年5月17日,一艘德国潜艇击沉了英国客轮卢西塔尼亚号,造成1198人死亡,其中包括128名美国人。两个月后,另一艘潜艇击沉了另一艘英国客轮“阿拉伯号”,淹死了两名美国人。这两艘客轮沉没后,德国同意不再沉没。
 
1916年3月,德国违背诺言,用鱼雷击沉了苏塞克斯号,一艘法国客轮导致包括美国人在内的80名乘客死亡。在社会方面,1917年1月,在截获了齐默尔曼从德国寄往墨西哥的信件后,美国加入了战争。齐默尔曼的笔记是点燃美国中立之火的火花。电报是对墨西哥的间接邀请[重新征服失去的领土在德克萨斯,新墨西哥和亚利桑那。美国人还因为共同的祖先、语言和文学,以及相似的法律制度,而觉得自己与英国有着紧密的联系。
 
有人指控德国人为破坏工业,污染水源,绑架个人,以及在美国工会内部从事间谍活动,以使美国在后方保持忙碌。谣言/宣传,加上广泛的潜艇战,增加了对德国人的不信任。美国加入第一次世界大战是由于经济、政治和社会的贡献。对盟国的出口和贷款急剧增长。无限制的潜艇战激怒了美国,并影响了美国的经济。齐默尔曼的笔记,作为英国文化兄弟的感觉,以及引发战争的谣言。这些冲突使得美国几乎不可能保持中立。
 

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