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摘要:Abolish the death penalty废除死刑 下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文 -- Abolish the death penalty,文章讲述在中国,我们有一个格言坏事,好事也可能会反弹给行动者。这意味着,一个残酷杀害某......

Abolish the death penalty 废除死刑


    下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文 -- Abolish the death penalty,文章讲述在中国,我们有一个格言“坏事,好事也可能会反弹给行动者”。这意味着,一个残酷杀害某些人的罪犯最终会付出代价,这在大多数情况下是死刑。但是,在我们现代文明社会中,许多国家已经废除了死刑。我认为,死刑是一种暴力和残忍的行为,违反了人类的道德原则,对国家不利。有人说:“如果我们以眼还眼,以牙还牙,那么全世界很快就会变得盲目无牙。” (圣雄甘地)因此,我们需要给罪犯机会,而不是本质上是报复的死刑。一些公民支持废除死刑,因为它不能降低犯罪率,甚至在某些情况下可以杀死无辜者,并影响其他一些人,而不仅仅是罪犯。

    In China, we have an aphorism "Bad deeds, as well as good, may rebound upon the doer". This means that a criminal who cruelly kills some people finally will pay his price, which in most case is a capital punishment. However, in our modern civilized society, many countries have already abolished the capital punishment. In my opinion, capital punishment is a violent and cruel act which violates human moral principles and is not good for countries. A person has said, "If we practice an eye for an eye and tooth for a tooth, soon the whole world will be blind and toothless". (Mahatma Gandhi) Therefore, we need to give criminals chances instead of capital punishment which essentially is revenge. Some citizens support the abolishment of capital punishment because it cannot reduce crime rate, and even in some cases it could kill innocents, and affects some others, not just the criminal.

    First of all, in some countries capital punishment cannot reduce crime rate, instead of which it sometimes even increases crime rate. Capital punishment is the highest law to execute criminals in some countries. Some citizens support capital punishment because they believe that it can protect their lives and reduce crime rates. However, it is not true. In America, "states with no capital punishment have lower homicide rates. Indeed, 10 of 12 states without capital punishment have homicide rates below the national average. In a state - by - state analysis, they found that during the last 20 years, the homicide rate in states with the death penalty has been 48% to 101% higher than in states with the death penalty"(Bonne). From the above figures, we can clearly know that the implementation of capital death indeed is not equal to lower homicide rate. Furthermore, in Washington," the number of violent crimes reported nationwide in 1988 increased 5.5%, the 92, 486 rapes in 1988 represented a 1.5% increase over 1987, robberies were up 4.9%, murder rose 2.9%, and crime rate is up 2.1%" (“Violent Crime”). From these rates, we can see that our country's crime rates did not reduce, even we had capital punishment. On the contrary, some American states without capital punishment unexpectedly had lower crime rates. Therefore, capital punishment should be abolished.

在中国,有句谚语叫“善有恶报”。这意味着一个残忍地杀死一些人的罪犯最终将付出他的代价,在大多数情况下是死刑。然而,在我们现代文明社会中,许多国家已经废除了死刑。在我看来,死刑是一种暴力和残忍的行为,违反了人类的道德原则,对国家是不好的。有人说过:“如果我们以眼还眼,以牙还牙,很快整个世界就会失明,没有牙了。”(圣雄甘地)因此,我们需要给罪犯机会而不是死刑,死刑本质上是报复。一些公民支持废除死刑,因为它不能降低犯罪率,甚至在某些情况下,它可能杀死无辜者,影响到其他人,而不仅仅是罪犯。
 
 
 
首先,在一些国家,死刑不能降低犯罪率,反而有时会增加犯罪率。在一些国家,死刑是执行罪犯的最高法律。一些公民支持死刑,因为他们认为死刑可以保护他们的生命并降低犯罪率。然而,事实并非如此。在美国,“没有死刑的州谋杀率较低。事实上,在没有死刑的12个州中,有10个州的谋杀率低于全国平均水平。在对各州的分析中,他们发现,在过去20年里,有死刑的州的杀人率比有死刑的州高出48%至101%。从上面的数字,我们可以清楚地知道,执行死刑并不等于降低他杀率。此外,在华盛顿,“1988年全国报告的暴力犯罪数量上升了5.5%,1988年92,486起强奸案比1987年上升了1.5%,抢劫上升了4.9%,谋杀上升了2.9%,犯罪率上升了2.1%”(“暴力犯罪”)。从这些比率,我们可以看到,我们国家的犯罪率并没有减少,即使我们有死刑。相反,美国一些没有死刑的州却意外地降低了犯罪率。因此,应该废除死刑。

    Second, capital punishment may result in the death of some innocent people. Some people support capital punishment because they insist that the killers should pay for their crimes. However, every year many innocent people die because of the government’s manslaughter. So this stimulates me to oppose the capital punishment. "A new study on capital punishment in the United States asserts that in century 343 people were wrongly convicted of offenses punishable by death and that 25 were actually executed" (“25 Wrongfully”). So this is a strong evidence showing that capital punishment sometimes may kill innocent people. How many innocent people died? In Times, “One or more than over 1, 600 men and women currently under sentence of death are innocent" (“25 Wrongfully”). 1600 actually is a big figure. How many innocent people will die ten years later if currently there are more than 1, 600 innocent people losing their lives every year due to the capital punishment? Furthermore, some unfairer phenomenon also exists. In some countries, if some rich and powerful people break the law, they may find someone else to replace them by using some money. They always replace their own crimes on poor people and let them take the trial of law by paying them a large amount of money. Therefore, the capital punishment is not perfect because there always have some escaped criminals and some victims. If the capital punishment was abolished, the lives of some innocent people could be saved. Therefore, capital punishment must be abolished.

    Third, capital punishment can affect different people's lives besides the criminals. Some people think those criminals deserve capital punishment, but we need to think about their families’ feeling. When the government executes criminals, their families will passively receive profound negative effects. "Killer's family left to confront fear and shame. A story about killer's family, a man spend the rest of his life in prison for three of the murders. His wife, whose life has always been fragile, is still struggling. She wanted people to see on the outside how ugly and bad her feel on the inside"(“killer’s family”). From this, it is obvious that life imprisonment of a criminal can pose remarkable harmful effect on his families, let alone capital punishment which directly deprive criminals’ lives.  Furthermore, operational staffs who witness the process of the execution may also suffer from a bad emotion. In some sense, executing criminals is also a kind of killing. When they are come to execute criminals, they will also have to tolerate fear and guilt. Therefore, capital punishment must be abolished.

第二,死刑可能导致一些无辜的人死亡。有些人支持死刑,因为他们坚持杀人犯应该为他们的罪行付出代价。然而,每年都有许多无辜的人死于政府的过失杀人。所以这促使我反对死刑。“美国一项关于死刑的新研究声称,在343世纪,有人被错误地判为可判处死刑的罪行,25人实际上被处决”(“25人被错误地处决”)。因此,这是一个强有力的证据,表明死刑有时可能杀死无辜的人。有多少无辜的人死了?有时,“目前被判处死刑的男女有1名或1 600多人是无辜的”(“25名被误判”)。1600是一个很大的数字。如果现在每年有1600多名无辜的人因为死刑而失去生命,那么十年后会有多少无辜的人死亡呢?此外,一些不公平的现象也存在。在一些国家,如果一些有钱有势的人违反了法律,他们可能会找其他人来代替他们用一些钱。他们总是用自己的罪行代替穷人,给他们一大笔钱,让他们接受法律的审判。因此,死刑并不完美,因为总有一些逃犯和受害者。如果废除死刑,一些无辜者的生命就可以得救。因此,必须废除死刑。
 
 
 
第三,死刑可以影响不同的人的生活除了罪犯。有些人认为这些罪犯应该被处以死刑,但是我们需要考虑他们家人的感受。当政府执行罪犯死刑时,他们的家庭将被动地受到深刻的负面影响。凶手的家人离开了,去面对恐惧和耻辱。一个关于杀手家庭的故事,一个男人因为三起谋杀案在监狱里度过了他的余生。他的妻子,她的生活一直是脆弱的,仍然在挣扎。她想让人们从外表上看到她的内心是多么丑陋和糟糕。”由此可见,对于一个罪犯来说,终身监禁对其家庭的危害是显而易见的,更不用说直接剥夺罪犯生命的死刑了。此外,目睹执行过程的操作人员也可能产生不好的情绪。从某种意义上说,处决罪犯也是一种杀戮。当他们来处决罪犯时,他们也必须容忍恐惧和罪行。因此,必须废除死刑。

     In short, the existence of the death penalty has a negative effect on people. It cannot lower the crime rate given that evidence shows that states with capital punishment have higher crime rate. It may also kill some innocent people because rich ones can use money to play some tricks and turn some innocent ones into scapegoat. Furthermore, besides the criminals themselves, capital punishment will pose heavy pressure and negative effects on people related to them, such as their families and the operational staffs.  Therefore, governments around the world should reconsider the role of capital punishment. As far as I am concerned, there are a lot of ways that can be used to punish criminals and establish a harmonious society. We don’t have to use violent ways to revenge criminals, which in essence is the same as what they do with the victims.  Therefore, capital punishment should be abolished for the sake of the above aspects.

总之,死刑的存在对人们产生了消极的影响。它不能降低犯罪率,因为有证据表明,实行死刑的州犯罪率较高。它也可能杀死一些无辜的人,因为有钱人可以用金钱玩一些把戏,把一些无辜的人变成替罪羊。此外,除了罪犯本身,死刑还会给他们的家人和工作人员等相关人员带来沉重的压力和负面影响。因此,世界各国政府应该重新考虑死刑的作用。在我看来,有很多方法可以用来惩罚罪犯,建立和谐社会。我们不必用暴力的方式来报复罪犯,这在本质上和他们对待受害者的方式是一样的。因此,从以上几个方面考虑,应该废除死刑。

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