• 20年专注海外留学生essay代写

  • 50000+留学生essay代写首选品牌

  • 正规教育机构教你怎么写essay范文

当前位置: essay代写网 > ASSIGNMENT >

时间:2021-10-03 22:12 来源: Essay代写

摘要:塞拉利昂是盛产钻石的国家,在当前的经济环境下,钻石如何出口才能获取最大的利益?本文是对塞拉利昂的钻石出口......

塞拉利昂钻石出口调查

 

在我们的日常生活中,每个人都着有在这个不断变化的世界中脱颖而出的愿望。不管在一片星球上的居民是否有任何不一样的功能,但所有国家都团结在一起而渴望成功。在国际层面上,成功可以在发展的基础上进行衡量。考虑到这一点,即在全球范围内,一个强大的经济是发展的核心就很容易被大家所接受了。由于在不同的经济环境下,发展已被证明对全球无数的南方国家具有挑战性。从历史上看,全球经济经历了一系列的发展,躁狂和危机(经济不安和欺诈的阶段)期间连续发生金融周期(安隆2008:256)。在1893年循环展开,有人认为最终在1930年所有世界各地国家将引发债务危机(安隆2008:256)。在这个金融崩溃的时代,发展中国家成为无法偿还之前获得贷款,随后恢复到原材料的出口以便进行融资,这会使得经济更加恶化。(哈龙 2008: 256). 

Investigating Sierra Leone Diamond Exports
 

Within the ever changing World the desire to excel remains the one constant factor in daily life. Regardless of any differentiating feature that may be identified amidst the numerous inhabitants of the planet, all nations are united in the longing for success. On the international level, success can be measured on a basis of development. Bearing this in mind, it is a widely accepted notion that a strong economy is central to development on a global scale. Given the varying economic climate, development has proven to be overtly challenging for countless countries of the Global South. Historically the global economy has experienced a series of financial cycles defined by the sequential occurrence of periods of growth, mania (a phase of economic unease and fraud) and crisis (Hanlon 2008: 256). In 1893 a similar cycle commenced, only to end in the 1930s with a debt crisis that was felt by nations all around the World (Hanlon 2008: 256). Within this era of financial ruin, developing countries became incapable of repaying their previously obtained loans and, subsequently reverted to the export of raw materials to finance their deteriorating economies (Hanlon 2008: 264). During this stage of depression the nation of Sierra Leone deviated from its traditional economic structure to focus on the export of the diamonds; a potentially lucrative primary product (Hirsch 2001:28). By 1957, 72% of exports leaving the nation of Sierra Leone were comprised of diamonds (conciliation resources). Regardless of the intentions of the country, the export of diamonds proved to be both socially and financially fatal. As illustrated by the nation of Sierra Leone, resource driven economic relations are detrimental to the development of the exporting regions as they have financed civil war, facilitated dangerous work conditions, and created economic instability amongst the labourers. The financial matters of developing countries should be of concern to all citizens of the Global North due to the fact that what happens within the South has the potential to greatly affect the lives of those living within the developed world. In this way all citizens of planet Earth have a direct connection to economic maturation of developing nations.

 

Theoretical Backing

 

The notion that resource driven economic relations are detrimental to the development of exporting regions is supported by the theory of development known as the dependency theory. The dependency theory, also known as the underdevelopment theory, promotes the idea that nations remain within a state of underdevelopment due to the exploitative nature of their economic dealings (Kegley 2009: 142). Furthermore, proponents of the dependency theory assert that the World may be readily divided into distinct districts which pertain to their place within the economy chain (Kegley 2009: 142). This division of society is often termed dualism, and refers to Andre Gunder Frank’s concept of metropolis and satellite structure wherein the metropolis is the capitalist economy which subordinates the satellite communities, resulting in subsistent lifestyles (Gunder Frank 1969: 108). Metropolises serve to greatly deteriorate the economic stability of satellite nations by promoting and enabling the dependency upon the export of non-value added primary products (Gunder Frank 1969: 110).

 

The ideas portrayed by the underdevelopment theory are highly visibly throughout the World economies and, specifically in Sierra Leone; a country which exemplifies the characteristics of regions dominated by export oriented economies. Within every facet of the nation’s financial system the ideas of the dependency theory ring true. To a great extent the underdeveloped state of the nation can be attributed to the countries reliance upon the export of diamonds (Olsson 2007: 267) which the developed world eagerly consumes. Moreover, the general populous of Sierra Leone can be identified as a satellite of the rebel force metropolis which in turn is a satellite to the metropolis of the global North. Undoubtedly, the philosophies of the development theory effortlessly coincide with the view that resource driven export economies are harmful to national development, and thus the dependency theory is crucial to the exploration of the idea.

 

Research Analysis

 

It can be determined that fiscal dealings sustained by the export of primary resources are disadvantageous to national progress and development as they can readily be associated with civil war. There are those who perpetuate the notion that there is no significant association between resources and hostility but this theory is not entirely valid. The occurrence of a plausible correlation between violence and outgoing commodities is highly dependent upon the accessibility or, rather the lootability of the resource at hand (Snyder and Bhavnani 2005). Historically, the civil confrontations which have transpired have been associated with political discontent, but a significant percentage of hostile engagements have originated due to economic and resource related struggles (Knox, Marston and Nash 2010: 425). In fact, within the year 2000, one quarter of all civil conflicts were affiliated with resources, whether they instigated or funded the confrontation (Knox, Marston et al.2010: 425). Further, studies have found that in countries wherein the dominant source of income is the returns received from outgoing primary products, a significant increase in violence may be observed (Snyde and Bhavnani 2005) thus indicating the correlation between civil conflict and resource exporting regions. Additionally, it has been determined that the involvement of resources in instances of conflict serves to extend the duration of the violence (Gilmore, Gleditsch, Lajala and Ketil Rod 2005: 260). The dilemma is that within the resource exporting, violent areas of the globe primary product related conflicts have resulted in corruption (usaid.gov) and have lead to the deterioration of the exporting nation’s formal economy, therefore diminishing the potential for development (Ballentine and Nitzschke 2005: 2). One must bear in mind that the commodities leaving the regions of the Global South are ultimately destined for the developed World. This implies that as resource oriented violence continues exporting districts will fall progressively further behind, from a development stand point, while nations of the Global North, independent of the need to export unfinished goods, will continue to thrive as a result of imported resources. This parasitic economic relationship visibly points out the developmental harm involved with exporting primary resource commodities.

 

The situation that is created when exporting goods greatly reflects the concepts portrayed by the metropole - satellite idea of dependency theorist. When applying the dependency theory to conflict and North–South economic relations it can be said that the Global North is the metropole that benefits from the incoming resource while South is the satellite that suffers the effects of resource dependency; conflict. In fact, it is often the case that foreign companies benefit from the insecurity of the nations upon which they rely for the resources that sustain their lifestyles (Smillie, Gberic and Hazelton 2000:11) This metropole – satellite theory promoted by dependency theorists is evident all over the World within numerous export oriented economic relations. 

 

In the nation of Sierra Leone, conflict stemming from the export of diamonds has plagued the country for decades, thus identifying the region as a satellite to the metrople of the Global North, as the developed culture benefits at the expense of the underdeveloped society. Within this distinctive area of the World, the rich presence of resources has served to undermine the economy due to the fact that they have been utilized to finance war rather then national monetary development (Smillie, Gberic et al. 2000:8). Rebel forces such as the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) have been developed, some say to confront the Country’s government, but history has indicated that the primary objective is to extract the mineral wealth in order to attain the extensive economic capital present in the soils of the region (Knox, Martson et.al 2010: 427). These resource and economic oriented wars are atypical in the sense that the intention is rarely to win, but rather to perpetuate lucrative violence (Smillie, Gberic Et al. 2000:11). Through the informal export of Sierra Leone’s mineral assets estimates indicate that the RUF has been able to obtain and reinvest 25 to 125 million US dollars annually depending upon the year (Knox, Martson et al. 2010: 427). Comparatively, the nation’s annual legal exports draw a mere 1million dollars (usaid.gov). This gap between licit and illicit earnings clearly depicts the resource based flow of capital and how it is directed towards distraction rather than development. Though highly profitable, the pursuit of economic supremacy by means of civil war is detrimental to the host nation wherein the war is waged. Within Sierra Leone, conflict has resulted in the disintegration of various public institutions such as schools (Hirsch 2001:28) therefore limiting the potential for the production of an educated populace and in doing so, preventing development. Additionally, 75,000 civilians have lost their lives (Smillie, Gberic et al. 2000:8), and approximately half the population has been displaced purely due to resource oriented conflict (Knox, Martson et al. 2010:426-427) creating an unstable environment that is not conducive to development. In contrast, prior to the discovery of diamonds in Sierra Leone, the nation had remained relatively peaceful (Hirsch 2001:95). Also, within this undisturbed state, the region had the potential to create a profitable, sustainable and diversified economy (Cartwright 1978:34). Viewing Sierra Leone from a modern light the country has rapidly deteriorated, positioning it last on the UNDP human development index (Smillie and Gberic et al 2000:8). Undoubtedly, devastating civil war and resource based economies coincide, thus indicating that resource motivated economic interactions are harmful to the exporting nations and their chances for national development.  

本文标签: 钻石出口Diamond ExpoInvestiga

[牛津mfe有ps和essay]荷兰留学生assignment format标准和要求范文参考https://www.0592w.com/ASSIGNMENT/15818.html

essay辅导替代essay代写-正规代写机构教你怎么写essays范文-Essay写作格式网官方推荐

99.99%的用户同时也查看了:

[石溪sat需要essay嘛]关于供...... 2021-10-03

对于需要书定留学生课程作业的朋友们来说,很多专业的要求并不太清楚,所以很难撰写出来一篇合格的论文,本网......

标签:supply chain management 供应链  

[风潮澳洲essay]英国留学生...... 2021-10-01

本文的唯一的目的就是强调“远见”在项目成功中的的重要性,这份报告将探讨《远见在项目成功中的作用》这篇文......

标签:vision 远见 report 报告 role 作用 

[英国essay写作]澳洲assign...... 2021-10-01

管理者会在实现他们目的的同时,遇到无数的困难。管理者必须熟悉如何直接控制与指导员工,他们与领导者的经营......

标签:manager 管理者 leadership 领导力 sup 

[如何写300字essay]英国留学...... 2021-10-01

本文主要介绍了伊斯兰国家的法律体系。......

标签:Islamic 伊斯兰 Law 法律 religion 宗教 

[essay为什么要出国留学]墨...... 2021-10-01

本文主要简单解释了时尚的概念,描绘了时尚对于个人以及整体的意义,以及文化变迁,不同时代对于时尚的态度。......

标签:Fashion 时尚 individua 个人 Cult 

[学校怎么查essay相似度]新...... 2021-10-01

这篇关于企业网络的作业是以电子化的库存管理系统为基础的。这次作业是关于如何经营一家叫做“神奇书店”的新......

标签:Computerised Stock Control Sys 

[什么大学要sat essay]墨尔本...... 2021-10-01

本文主要介绍了价值方案的作用,目标以及它在一个项目里是怎么样运作的。......

标签:留学论文 澳洲作业 价值方案 代写服务 墨尔本代 

[essay结尾写什么]英国ass...... 2021-10-01

本文主要介绍选举的,介绍了选举的发展历史。选举是任何民主社会的重要组成部分,也是人民希望由谁来统治国家......

标签:elections 选举 democracy 民主 voti 

[留学essay代写]墨尔本留学...... 2021-10-01

本文主要介绍了电子商务给商务活动带来的改变。它使得企业在商业的各个领域可以以一种新的方式联系在一起。从......

标签:E-commerce 电子商务 profit 收益 stra 

[四级作文essay是议论文吗...... 2021-10-01

美国和日本是在太平洋地区的两大经济强国,这两个国家都是资本主义意识形态。领导是其中一个日本仍然不同于美......

标签:leadership 领导 concept 理念 cultu 

[加州申请系统essay字数]代...... 2021-10-01

本文主要介绍售书网站。在这个网站,你很容易就可以买到任何类型的书,因为它一直展示最受欢迎的书。由于给用......

标签:books 书籍 search box 搜索栏 link 

[essay plan怎么写]叙述政府...... 2021-09-30

Philip Coggan认为,企业与政府的关系正在变得愈来愈紧张。但是双方都不能过于敌视对方:因为它们彼此都需要对方......

标签:A world robber baron 强盗贵族 公司与 

[BA专业申请essay范文]新加...... 2021-09-30

本文主要介绍了零售商的销售业绩和店内装饰格局的关系。......

标签:Retail 零售 layout 布局 Visual 视觉 

[sat报名要选essay吗]最好的...... 2021-09-30

最好的assignment代写-留学生作业网 ( www.ukassignment.org ) 回答最好的assignment代写哪家强,这样一个问题不太容易,代......

标签:留学生作业网 assignm 

[美国essay代写多少钱]Y时代...... 2021-09-30

Y一代是指在1982年到1993年之间出生的非传统的一代.Y时代是一个现在公共关系从业人员需要去了解的公众群体.本文就......

标签:非传统 Y时代 英国作业 

[臻译英文essay代写]一篇...... 2021-09-30

本文主要介绍了西班牙在建国过程中的一些坎坷。......

标签:conflict 冲突 terrorist 恐怖分子 so 

[essay演讲怎么写]代写数据...... 2021-09-30

这篇论文旨在讨论数据仓库和数据挖掘,数据挖掘工具和数据仓库技术对多个行业的好处,还包括在当前的商业社区中数......

标签:Data mining 数据 挖掘 管理 

[博士essay修改靠谱]新西兰...... 2021-09-30

客户是市场营销的核心,市场营销不仅是销售产品,还需要组织有一个明确的营销概念以满足组织目标的重要性。不......

标签:market 市场 marketing 市场营销 organ 

[美国学校essay字数]新西兰...... 2021-09-30

功的人必须具备的一定的品质和成就,这样人们才会称他们为成功人士。不同的人拥有不同的品质,而一个成功人士......

标签:领导品质 Good Qualiti 新西兰assignm 

[英国留学硕士essay]新西兰...... 2021-09-30

成为一位领导者不是件容易的事,他肩负着很多的责任和义务。信守承诺也是优秀领导者的重要品质。领导者在生活......

标签:characterist 特征 leader 领导者 c 

[美国留学申请essay 模板...... 2021-09-30

在工作时激励员工是一个管理者的基本职责之一,动机是一种工具,管理者经常用它来提高员工对工作的热情,减少......

标签:motivation 动力 employee 员工 sati 

[3000字essay两天]消费者购买...... 2021-09-29

本文主要介绍了一些影响消费者行为的因素,并告诉企业应该根据这些影响因素来制定一系列的市场营销策略,这样......

标签:Consumers De 

[ubc本科申请essay]代写法国...... 2021-09-28

本文主要介绍了在竞争市场中,三种基本的市场竞争策略。这三种竞争策略对于企业的发展有着重要的意义。......

标签:竞争策略 Marketing st 市场营销 

[如何让essay更加学术性]英...... 2021-09-28

英国央行曾经是在英国所有银行和金融机构中一个监管和监督机构,BCCI事件以来,央行的地位发生了改变.本文将通过这......

标签:Banking Law Finance Mana 

[斯坦福夏校essay]关于客户...... 2021-09-28

本文一篇新西兰学生assignment,主要介绍了关于客户服务和满意度的市场营销策略。......

标签:Marketing 市场营销 客户满意度 

[如何写英语的essay]一篇新...... 2021-09-28

旧的普通法规定“不能付不属于自己的东西”,上议院认为在布鲁顿,如果有对土地不感兴趣的人可以授予一个租赁,同......

标签:普通法 规则 rule 土地 

Get in Touch

微信在线咨询

微信在线咨询

添加微信:
支持语音、图文实时沟通

Email实时沟通

Email实时沟通

您也可以通过Email联系我们
邮箱:

自助提交订单

自助提交订单

登陆ESSAY写作官网
在线自助提交订单

essay代写网专注【海外留学生essay代写20年】essay辅导代写正规品牌【留学生代写essay靠谱机构】提供英文essay代写、英国代写essay、美国代写Assignment、澳洲report代写、加拿大代写paper、essay范文格式讲解、Assignment代写、代写report、paper代写、essay代写一般多少钱、essay代写招聘、essay代写靠谱吗、英国研究生essay代写、留学生代写平台等辅导代写服务