• 20年专注海外留学生essay代写

  • 50000+留学生essay代写首选品牌

  • 正规教育机构教你怎么写essay范文

当前位置: essay代写网 > ASSIGNMENT >

时间:2021-10-10 17:29 来源: Essay代写

摘要:社会等级的差异性直接影响儿童的教育体系,本文通过分析社会等级如何影响7岁以下儿童的英语教育体系,探索社会......

这份报告认为,最近的研究证据与全纳教育,平等的教育机会有很大联系,涉及到社会等级和其对7岁及以下的儿童英语教育体系的影响。全纳教育指的是尽快实施早期教育实践。文献综述将主要研究年幼孩子中所存在的社会阶层差异,并将继续对全纳教育案例进行研究,分析社会等级在小学英语教育体系中的体现。
 

前言

自1967年普劳顿报告的出版,已经表明社会阶层对小学的教育成就有着深刻影响。在过去的二十年里,许多具体的立法变化改变了小学教育的形状。学校的教育改革法案(1988)要求对7岁儿童的英语、数学和科学学科进行标准化测试。
 

此外,以全国平均水平为准,学校被要求在他们学校的计划书等出版物上对小学英语教育体系中社会等级发表有争议的“排行榜”。目前,已经出台了几个政策减少对幼儿教育机会的影响,包括“开始”政策和幼儿园教育扩大计划,称为“包容性教育”(Belsky巴恩斯,戴夫的布鲁姆菲尔德等,2004年,p 46-9)。事实上,国务院(2001)认为,新工党政策制定者努力“让所有的家庭都能享受到像中产阶级家庭,或者至少像理念型中产阶级家庭的教育特权”(第7页)。
 

This report considers recent research evidence related to inclusive education, and equality of opportunity, in relation to social class and how it affects children aged 7 years and below within the English educational system. A definition of inclusive education relevant to early educational practice will be offered. A literature review will be undertaken, that will principally examine the size of the social class differences amongst young children, and will go on to consider a case study of inclusive practice that was implemented at one English primary school. Recommendations for future research are made.
 

Introduction

Since the publication of the Plowden Report in 1967, it has been apparent that social class has a profound effect on the educational achievement of primary school children. In the past two decades, there have been a number of specific legislative changes that have altered the shape of primary school education. With the Education Reform Act(1988), schools have been required to undertake standardised testing of7 year old children in English, Mathematics and Science subjects.
 

Furthermore, schools have been required to publish controversial ‘league tables’ of performance, alongside national averages, in their school prospectus publications. There have been several policies introduced to reduce the effects of deprivation on young children including Sure Start, and a planned widening of availability of nursery education all in the name of ‘inclusive education’ (Barnes, Belsky,Broomfield, Dave et al, 2004, p 46-9). Indeed, Geertz (2001) has argued that New Labour policy makers strive to “make all families like middle-class families, or at least the ideal-typical middle class family of much educational research” (p 7).
 

However, there is surprisingly little empirical research evidence available on inclusive education, or equality of opportunity in early educational settings, with most studies focussing on secondary school children. This is also regrettable since Sammons and Sees (1998) have clearly shown that at the age of seven, prior attainment accounts for 26-43% of variance in national assessment results (p 389 – 407).
 

Therefore, early teaching support of children with special educational needs, or affected by poverty or difficult personal circumstances would appear to be of immense importance to prevent children who start school behind their peers from falling further behind as their school careers progress. This report will critically assess available empirical studies related to the education of children aged 7 years and below within the United Kingdom. Furthermore, it will examine theoretical and philosophical perspectives on early inclusive education, and make recommendations for further research.
 

Method

The search strategy employed for the literature review involved searching electronic bibliographical databases for relevant research and policy papers related to the topic of inclusive education, and equality of opportunity, and social class issues with English school pupils aged 7 and under. No date restrictions were imposed on the searches, although most papers that were located and subsequently considered in this literature review were published in the 1990’s and2000’s. The electronic bibliographical databases that were searched were ERIC, the British Education Index and Psych Lit.
 

Abstracts for each paper were inspected on an individual basis to assess their relevance to the literature review. Research papers within the terms of the literature review were then obtained from various library sources. However, it was felt that much of the research on early inclusive education would be found in the grey literature. Therefore, the Education Line database of conference proceedings, provided by Leeds University, was also searched for relevant papers. Finally, a search of the websites of highly regarded academic educational research centres, and government official statistics, was undertaken and further relevant research reports were obtained this way.
 

Literature Review

Although ‘inclusive education’ has been the buzz word of the education sector for many years, there is a lack of clarity in its definition. It broadly includes reference to a schools receptivity to accommodate the needs of all its pupils, and be “more responsive to pupil diversity”(Fiorina, Rouse, Black-Hawkins and Jull (2004), p 118). Furthermore, Fiorina et al (2004) have argued that inclusion and achieving high standards are not necessarily mutually exclusive goals, with some schools achieving both (p 115).
 

Stephen and Cope (2003) have further elaborated on the interpretation of inclusive education, drawing distinction between the individual model where the deprived pupil is seen as ‘the problem’ (p 274) to be moulded into the school system, towards a social model of inclusive education. The social model acknowledges that there may be individual characteristics of the child that need to be considered, but also consider the possible institutional and operational barriers that hinder children’s entry and integration into infant schools. In their study, children from middleclass homes were supported by parents when they started infant schoolboy practising numeracy and literacy at home, and through more proactive involvement in school activities (p 273).
 

Gallannaugh and Dyson (2003) have conducted a study of 25 practitioners working in three English LEA’s to assess what ‘inclusive education ‘development was possible in schools, and make sense of school responses to the inclusion agenda. Some teachers reported confusion over what ‘inclusive education’ was, since many official sources of information focussed on inclusion of children with special educational needs only(p 1).
 

However, most teachers saw ‘inclusive education’ as provision for all children who were at risk of underachieving within the educational system, a version of inclusive education that is compatible with New Labour’s ‘social inclusion’ agenda ensuring that all members of society participate in the opportunities and activities of mainstream society (Blanket, 1999). A definition of inclusive education that attracted consensus amongst the teachers was “a set of broad values which we understood to be inclusive, and which we articulated as a commitment to equality, and increasing participation of all children (rather than one or other marginalised groups) in common education” (p 2).
 

In synthesising research papers on social class related to early education, it is apparent that the term ‘social class’ has been interpreted in different ways by different authors. Sammons (1995) has highlighted that some researchers have attempted to “identify and separate the effects of different combinations of disadvantaging factors, noting that whilst not additive there is evidence of cumulative disadvantage (i.e. experiencing one factor such as low social class or low income on its own is less closely associated with low attainment than experiencing both these factors)” (p 467). Furthermore, Sparks (1999) has classified the different interpretations as including children from low income households, parental unemployment, paternal/ maternal occupation and inappropriate housing environment (p 10).
 

She has examined research studies that look at each of these aspects, but only a few studies specifically examine the age range of 0 to 7 years. Pupils coming from a low income household, as indicated by eligibility for free school meals, appears to have marked effect on educational achievement at the age of 7 years and above (p 14). Furthermore, West, Pennell, West and Travers (1999) have shown that receipt of income support benefit by the household accounted for 66% of variance in educational achievement at a local authority level (p 10).
 

Sparks (1999) has stated that “non-school factors are a more important source of variation in educational achievement than differences in the quality of education that students receive” (p 9).However, there is a broad consensus that schools can counteract some of the effects of social deprivation through inclusive educational practice. Indeed, empirical evidence suggests that schools have an independent effect of between 8% and 15%, and school effects are greater within the primary school sector (Reynolds, Sammons, Stoll, Barber et al, 1996 (p 140)). In the UK, research evidence on the effects of pre-school education are mixed (Sparks, 1999, p 12).  

本文标签: 儿童教育英语教育体系社会等级

[是否支持出国留学essay]英国assignment-从儿童英语教育体系看社会等级影响https://www.0592w.com/ASSIGNMENT/16017.html

essay辅导替代essay代写-正规代写机构教你怎么写essays范文-Essay写作格式网官方推荐

99.99%的用户同时也查看了:

[英国写essay要多少引用]调...... 2021-10-10

随着改革开放的推进,调整金融结构和关注证券市场的发展至关重要。本文是一位英国学生的作业范文assignment。特别是......

标签:banking sect 金融结构 market ov 

[中国学生写essay]麦当劳在...... 2021-10-09

本文是麦当劳在澳大利亚的管理问题研究assignment代写。现如今,德管理对全球市场上的公司取得持续发展和长期成功......

标签:澳大利亚 MaDonald 

[英国读研写essay好过吗]英...... 2021-10-09

本文是一篇英国assignment代写服务范文。我们每个人小的时候都有梦想,也许是消防员、老师、歌手、老板等,很少有......

标签:怀孕问题 青少年 

[个人代写essay]留学作业网...... 2021-10-09

本文是一篇美国留学作业。芝加哥,美国最大的城市之一,位于中西部伊利诺斯州。人口数量超过300万人,仅次于洛杉......

标签:芝加哥 Chicago 风城 windy city 

[essay一整段抄袭怎么办]英...... 2021-10-09

本文是一篇跨文化条件下公司运营管理的留学论文。随着经济的不断发展,越来越多的国家和地区将宏观经济条件作......

标签:民族障碍 跨文化 ACROSS CULTU 

[美国大学申请essay格式]英...... 2021-10-09

本文是一篇新西兰管理学专业assignment代写服务范文。管理的本质,就是变无把握为有把握。——《极简管理:中国式......

标签:MANAGEMENT I 管理方法 现代 商业组织 

[1200词essay模版]英国历史与...... 2021-10-09

本文是一篇英国留学作业assignment。众所周知,大众媒体和流行文化关系紧密,随着社会的发展,联系越来越广泛,大......

标签:美国文化 America Cult 大众媒体 Mass 

[论文essay怎么写]澳洲文学...... 2021-10-09

本文是一篇有关女性自我意识的文学专业assignment。如今,女性自我意识在文学,心理学甚至政治领域都颇受重视,越......

标签:女性自我意识 文学 female self- 

[经济essay怎么写]多媒体教...... 2021-10-09

本文是一篇多媒体教学assignment代写范文。考虑到在高等教育中“老师说了算”教学模式的局限性,我能建立了一种以......

标签:Multi-Media多 English Lang 

[德语essay怎么写]新西兰梅...... 2021-10-09

本文是一片新西兰梅西大写作业代写范文。电子政务是指政府机构运用现代计算机和网络技术,通过网络技术集成进行......

标签:电子政务 安全风险 对策研究 E-government 

[留学生essay修改技巧]墨尔...... 2021-10-09

本文是留学生作业网提供代写服务范文节选。的在发达国家和发展中国家中IPO抑价是一种常见的现象,中国股票市场......

标签:中国股市 公开发行 抑价 IPO Underpricing 

[一般代写essay多少钱]墨尔...... 2021-10-09

作为一篇墨尔本环境专业assignment代写范文,本文主要写的是地球目前正在遭受着各种的环境污染和破坏,地球的自净......

标签:环境污染 地球 发展 矛盾 

[传媒类essay怎么写]新加坡...... 2021-10-09

本文是一篇新加坡经济学留学作业assignment。本文首先简要介绍了宏观经济政策的定义。宏观经济政策:国家或政府有......

标签:宏观经济政策 抑郁 Macroeconomi 

[sat考试essay重要吗]新西兰...... 2021-10-09

本文是一篇关于日本日本企业结构性变革的新西兰assignment。日本经济有一次划时代的改革,该文就是针对该次事件的......

标签:A revolution making 日本企业 管制 

[留学生essay辅导招聘]德国...... 2021-10-09

本文是对德国经济危机原因和影响进行剖析的墨尔本assignment。德国危机是指1931年受大萧条和重工业受损最厉害影响的......

标签:the Great De 

[给国外留学生写essay]英国...... 2021-10-09

本文是一篇市场营销专业assignment代写范文。谷歌是世界上最常用的搜索引擎,有超过60%的用户使用谷歌,谷歌公司也......

标签:谷歌 全球营销战略 Google Global Marke 

[日本essay代写]澳洲留学生...... 2021-10-09

本文是一篇留学生作业网提供的代写社会学assignment。乡村劳动妇女是中世纪后期英国妇女的主体,在乡村人口中占到......

标签:中世纪后期 英国乡村妇女 经济活动探析 econom 

[英国大学essay怎么写]代写...... 2021-10-09

本文是一篇新西兰酒店管理留学生课程作业assignment代写。本文的目的是调查和讨论酒店管理中领导人的重要性。本文......

标签:领导人 处事行为 Charismatic  do 

[对比essay怎么写]墨尔本...... 2021-10-09

本文是一篇墨尔本留学课程作业assignment代写。脱发不仅影响一个人整体的美观,而且影响一个人的心理健康。在过去......

标签:头发移植 整形手术 Cosmetic Sur 

[取消已报名的essay写作]英...... 2021-10-08

本文是一篇英国留学课程作业。外包的主要优势是更好地控制成本,降低风险和提高外部供应商的专业知识。更好的成......

标签:航运公司 Shipping com 外包 成本控 

[淘宝英国essay代写]代写英...... 2021-10-08

本文是一篇代写英国留学课程作业assignment。在孩子的成长过程中,环境是十分重要的,不仅影响孩子的性格,还会引......

标签:Enabling Env 有利环境 孩子的成 

[替代can essay]澳洲留学生...... 2021-10-08

本文是一篇澳洲assignment代写范文。本文简要分析生物能源生产对经济和社会的影响,特别是一般情况下,生物柴油对欧......

标签:生物燃料 生物柴油 生物乙醇 能源政策 社区空间 

[essay代写加拿大薪酬]澳洲...... 2021-10-08

作为一篇澳洲assignment代写例文。本文主要讲述的是在会议场合的时候,同声传译和交替传译两种翻译员的作用,和区别......

标签:口译员 翻译 同声传译 交替传译 

[Ap美国历史essay范文]澳洲...... 2021-10-08

本文是一篇澳洲assignment代写范文。爱尔兰对于媒体自由模式,从来没有任何形式的司法认定和标准,但是媒体学应该......

标签:自由媒体 Irish Freedo 自由法律体 

[PTE写作essay]澳洲assignmen...... 2021-10-08

本文是一篇留学生作业代写范文。对不同的经济体来说出口发展非常关键。它已经成为宏观经济和微观经济的水平的......

标签:世界经济 经济自由化 经济集成 

[雅思report essay]代写英国...... 2021-10-08

尽管反垄断法在很大程度上能够消减垄断行为给正常的竞争秩序所带来的巨大危害。但是,若不加区分的将任何垄断......

标签:反垄断法 豁免权 antitrust 

Get in Touch

微信在线咨询

微信在线咨询

添加微信:
支持语音、图文实时沟通

Email实时沟通

Email实时沟通

您也可以通过Email联系我们
邮箱:

自助提交订单

自助提交订单

登陆ESSAY写作官网
在线自助提交订单

essay代写网专注【海外留学生essay代写20年】essay辅导代写正规品牌【留学生代写essay靠谱机构】提供英文essay代写、英国代写essay、美国代写Assignment、澳洲report代写、加拿大代写paper、essay范文格式讲解、Assignment代写、代写report、paper代写、essay代写一般多少钱、essay代写招聘、essay代写靠谱吗、英国研究生essay代写、留学生代写平台等辅导代写服务