• 20年专注海外留学生essay代写

  • 50000+留学生essay代写首选品牌

  • 正规教育机构教你怎么写essay范文

当前位置: essay代写网 > ASSIGNMENT >

时间:2021-10-12 08:00 来源: Essay代写

摘要:Using the panel series as a springboard, the Climate Cluster fellows successfully mobilized new collaborative groups comprised of academic and public a......

Within these new policies, however, we note an unexpected and underexploited benefit: where there is a mandate with little guidance, there is also an opportunity to innovate. We offer the University of California Santa Cruz (UCSC) Science & Justice Training Program (SJTP) as one example of the kind of space that is made possible by the current policy focus on creating closer relationships between science and engineering and the people they intend to serve. The SJTP has taken an innovative approach that: (1) emerges from specific research practices; and (2) expands the set of considerations that qualify as scientific responsibility [15]. In this Community Page, we lay out the main components of this approach: creating legitimate institutional space where the links between science and engineering and questions of ethics and justice might be explored; encouraging students to “slow down” to investigate these questions on the ground; and supporting collaborations that arise organically from common concerns.
  
Creating Legitimate Institutional Space
 
Funded through an NSF grant awarded to UCSC in 2010, the SJTP is a graduate-level research and education program that trains science and engineering students alongside students of social science, arts, and humanities to respond to the ethical and social justice questions that arise in their research. Rather than treating justice as a concern to be tacked onto an already formed research project, SJTP graduate fellows are provided with fellowship funding and faculty mentorship that supports them to explore questions of ethics and justice as they arise in their research. They enroll in two seminars, one that emphasizes different models and approaches to the science/society interface, and a second that introduces them to interdisciplinary methods they can use in their own projects. The SJTP encourages collaboration among graduate fellows, faculty, and research staff from across the University's academic divisions as well as those outside the University with interests in the student's research area. Located under the auspices of the Science & Justice Research Center , the SJTP is synergistic with the Center's other efforts: the Science and Justice Working Group, in which faculty, students, and members of the public gather to address problems and issues of common concern, and monthly “Cocktail Hours” during which fellows can discuss their progress and challenges as they develop their SJTP projects. The Center itself also provides physical space conducive to these interactions.
 
Foregrounding Justice
 
The space, funding, and institutional recognition of the program give fellows the opportunity to reorient their research questions, methodologies, and goals around questions of science and justice. Fellows receive institutional support for projects that might be more difficult to fit into a traditional PhD program. For example, two fellows are part of a physics laboratory working on developing solar greenhouse technology for industrial-scale agricultural operations. The luminescent greenhouse windows contain strips of solar cells that allow photosynthetically active radiation to pass through, while absorbing and converting other wavelengths to electrical energy. Using these luminescent panels, a farmer could produce the energy needed to run the infrastructure of the greenhouse (e.g., fans and electronic sensors and controls). Rather than having the technology solely target industrial agricultural outfits, these fellows planned to develop the technology for concurrent use by small-scale organic farmers. Using skills developed in the SJTP's research methods seminar, they interviewed small-scale organic farmers to explore possibilities for transferring the technology to them for their use. They found, however, that these farmers had deliberately avoided high-tech approaches and were thus not motivated by the solar cell technology the way that the fellows originally envisioned. The SJTP fellows then reconsidered which publics might benefit from the project, including educators. The greenhouse project will be used by the fellows as an educational tool for students to learn about sustainable agriculture and nutrition as well as properties of light and color under the luminescent solar concentrating roof.
 
This iterative process allows SJTP fellows to think about how different publics relate to new science and technology on the ground, and to adjust their expectations and projects to the practicalities of their collaborations. This approach differs from that usually taken when addressing the BIC of NSF grants. In many instances, when researchers write the section of their grant on the broader impacts of the research, they assume rather than investigate who makes up the publics of their research, and what they want from science and technology [2],[5],[9],[11]. By investing time into forging interdisciplinary skills and intellectual relationships, the SJTP creates room for researchers to test and reformulate their ideas about their project's connections to public constituencies and their values. What counts as a “broader impact” and a contribution to a more just world is not known in advance, but can emerge through this process of collaboration and experimentation [13],[16]–[19]. While this effort can be hard work, with frictions and dead ends along the way, the results are much more satisfying and effective. Helping students to learn how to respond to complex and changing contexts prepares them to work responsively and responsibly, as well as to take part in a more open approach to engagement that the previous comment in this series argued is ultimately more productive [20].
  
Slow Science
 
One central way that SJTP supports this new approach is by creating a space for fellows to “slow down” to explore different possibilities for developing their projects. SJTP's ‘slow science’ responds to the pressure on academics to “publish or perish,” to move quickly through projects, and to be efficient and cost effective [21]–[23]. While efficiency will continue to be an important value in responding quickly to pressing social and scientific concerns, speed must be moderated by attention to issues of justice at every level of the research project: the initial framing of research questions, the methodologies used, the analysis of results, and the ongoing attention to the public implications of the research project [24]. The working premise is that the ethical and social justice issues cannot be known in advance but must be explored in each project individually; students learn by doing. SJTP offers fellows opportunities to try things out that might not work, labor through frustrations, and feel the freedom to do uncertain and experimental work outside of the “fast-track” of a structured PhD program. At the same time, the program is structured to support students in continuing to progress with their doctoral research projects. The directors purposely avoid adding too heavily to their significant research commitments and responsibilities while encouraging them to use SJTP activities for career building.
 
Slowing down the research process also allows fellows to connect with public concerns and build stronger ties with specific communities. For example, one fellow working on governmental public participation projects in environmental remediation heard citizen participants express the fear that science is being “fast tracked,” with projects rushed through without proper citizen evaluation or environmental review. Despite the implementation of several federal initiatives that aim to involve communities earlier and more effectively in the remediation process, many citizens participating in these programs stated that they believed they had limited influence on decision-making. As a response, the fellow designed her SJTP project to produce a policy report written collaboratively with key informants from the public that addresses the institutional barriers that may prevent meaningful citizen participation.
 
Collaboration
 
A guiding principle of the SJTP is that no one person or discipline has the expertise to determine the conditions of scientific responsibility; thus, collaboration across traditionally distinct disciplines and realms of expertise is imperative. The goal of this collaboration is not to turn scientists into social scientists or humanities scholars or vice versa. Rather, it is to create opportunities for graduate students and other SJTP members to gather around common objects and concerns (e.g., a greenhouse, climate change, or the use of racial categories in biomedical research). The program has drawn on a number of theories to develop these practices of gathering, but common to each is the commitment that research practices that are more porous to other disciplinary expertise are both more empirically rigorous and ethically responsive [25]–[33].
 
These gatherings also help participants to reflect on the conventions of their own disciplines. For example, the fellows working on the solar greenhouse discovered that expectations of their program, the resources of their department, and established funding structures limited the questions they could ask in their dissertation research. Graduate education typically places heavy emphasis on transforming research into outputs easily recognized within disciplines, which can crowd out opportunities for innovating new relationships between disciplines [14],[34]. The SJTP gave them space and time to explore new questions, new methods, and new forms of collaborative inquiry that have opened up new research and teaching collaborations,  making them stronger candidates for careers both inside and outside of the university.
 
The experimental, often informal feel of the Cocktail Hours (see Box 1) allows fellows to ask questions and have conversations that might not occur in more traditionally structured venues like laboratory meetings. They provide an atmosphere in which participants feel comfortable trying out only partially developed ideas, admitting to being uncertain or exploring research paths that do not traditionally fit into their home disciplines. These ongoing discussions break down barriers to communication and collaboration and create more nuanced understandings of science and publics that are more promising for building projects that address the ethical and political dimensions of science and technology.
 

本文标签: 跨学科研究生科学和司法Legitimate I

[essay范文 大学申请]关于跨学科研究生教育的科学和司法的分析https://www.0592w.com/ASSIGNMENT/16084.html

essay辅导替代essay代写-正规代写机构教你怎么写essays范文-Essay写作格式网官方推荐

99.99%的用户同时也查看了:

[essay和passage]留学生找枪手...... 2021-10-12

眼下正是新一届大学毕业生求职的紧张时期,求职大军中不乏海归的身影。一些留学生向记者抱怨,现在他们找工作......

标签:美国代写 英国代写 如何写assi 

[essay机构是怎么运作的]少...... 2021-10-11

本文是一篇新西兰留学生Assignment,最近的研究发现,公司治理结构之间的国家所有权集中度、资本市场的发展,投票权......

标签:所有权 股份私有化 capital mark 

[用翻译写essay算作弊吗]澳...... 2021-10-11

本文是墨尔本留学生的一个管理经济学Assignment要求,包括字数要求、评分标准等,本文是一个Case Study Project。......

标签:澳大利亚 Managerial E 

[1000字essay模板]Different T...... 2021-10-11

Translation is the transfer of meaning, and semantic analysis is an important way of defining meaning, which can help us to have a better understanding......

标签:Different Ty Meanings in  

[essay应该写几段]英语课程...... 2021-10-11

EAP work is no doubt playing a more and more important part in a world-wide range due to the increasing demand for study skills training. As a language......

标签:Research in  Academic P 

[uk best essay]丹麦金融财务...... 2021-10-11

这家叫stick sushi的财务分析,资料都会给你,回答问题有两个方面。 1.这家公司的可用于投资的资金有多少? 2.营运能......

标签:运行管理 Local m 

[留学怎么写essay]英国留学...... 2021-10-11

自18701以来,国际货币体系。对国际货币体系的国际货币体系介绍广义地定义为标准的设定......

标签:英国留学生 金融专业 assignment 需求 

[申请美本要准备几篇ess...... 2021-10-11

不同的文化背景使英语国家的人理解白族文化。为了解决这个问题,要成功地实现了文化转向翻译。......

标签:翻译学论文 论文代写 Translation  

[300字essay怎么写]英国留学...... 2021-10-11

段落层次问题的解决方案框架 。使用一个分析框架,提供了一个简短的文字或转录的语言描述(不超过500字)你的选......

标签:英国留学生 Assignment paragraph le 

[怎么从事essay代写服务]...... 2021-10-11

The role of FAB in appraisal cannot be underestimated though further studies need to be done in order to have convergence on the issue. Yes its recogni......

标签: 

[改essay的app]Assignment-Anto...... 2021-10-11

安东尼奥,维瓦尔第musicantonio维瓦尔第1678-1741antonio维瓦尔第是出世于1678年3月4日在威尼斯,威尼斯共和国的首都,......

标签:Assignment Antonio Viva 

[英国大学essay被fail]以萨蒂...... 2021-10-10

本文是一篇新西兰留学作业assignment。萨蒂扬电脑服务公司的丑闻揭示了道德、社会责任及相关企业文化的重要性。贪......

标签:全球经济 印度经济发展 

[sat报名要选essay吗]大型零...... 2021-10-10

大型零售企业的优势集中体现在其收集消费者信息能力和营销能力上, 他们直接面对消费者, 能够迅速了解市场需求动......

标签:advantage large retail 

[申请美国研究生essay]美国...... 2021-10-10

本文是一篇墨尔本课程作业assignment。文章主要探讨了美国黑人英语与美国标准英语之间的共同之处和差异以及黑人英......

标签:美国 黑人英语 形成 特征 Formation 

[essay议论文的开头结尾]新...... 2021-10-10

作为一篇留学生历史学课程作业assignment,本文谈论个人与历史之间关系。历史是由过去发生的事件和人,因此决定的主......

标签:Individual relation history 

[如何写essay title]英国语言...... 2021-10-10

本文是一篇英国课程作业。语言应用极其广泛,特别是在法律条款中,对语言有极其严格的要求。在欧洲和英国法律......

标签:coherence obligation modality 

[新sat essay评分等级]关于印...... 2021-10-10

这是一篇英国留学作业。印度商场购物已经发生了巨大的变化,人们不再仅仅真正需要某些东西的时候才会去商场,......

标签:关于 印度 购物 商场 人们 收入水平 间的 关系 assi 

[essay代写 豆瓣小组]美国留...... 2021-10-10

本文是一篇美国留学生会计专业课程作业。美国最高法院获得允许,延长固定资产的使用期限,在一些特定的条件下......

标签:美国最高法院 固定资产 fixed assets 

[是否支持出国留学essay]英...... 2021-10-10

社会等级的差异性直接影响儿童的教育体系,本文通过分析社会等级如何影响7岁以下儿童的英语教育体系,探索社会......

标签:儿童教育 英语教育体系 社会等级 

[essay代写拖时间怎么办]关...... 2021-10-10

新能源汽车补贴标准是为贯彻落实国务院关于培育战略性新兴产业和加强节能减排工作的部署和要求,重点是分析发......

标签:能源 

[英国写essay要多少引用]调...... 2021-10-10

随着改革开放的推进,调整金融结构和关注证券市场的发展至关重要。本文是一位英国学生的作业范文assignment。特别是......

标签:banking sect 金融结构 market ov 

[中国学生写essay]麦当劳在...... 2021-10-09

本文是麦当劳在澳大利亚的管理问题研究assignment代写。现如今,德管理对全球市场上的公司取得持续发展和长期成功......

标签:澳大利亚 MaDonald 

[英国读研写essay好过吗]英...... 2021-10-09

本文是一篇英国assignment代写服务范文。我们每个人小的时候都有梦想,也许是消防员、老师、歌手、老板等,很少有......

标签:怀孕问题 青少年 

[个人代写essay]留学作业网...... 2021-10-09

本文是一篇美国留学作业。芝加哥,美国最大的城市之一,位于中西部伊利诺斯州。人口数量超过300万人,仅次于洛杉......

标签:芝加哥 Chicago 风城 windy city 

[essay一整段抄袭怎么办]英...... 2021-10-09

本文是一篇跨文化条件下公司运营管理的留学论文。随着经济的不断发展,越来越多的国家和地区将宏观经济条件作......

标签:民族障碍 跨文化 ACROSS CULTU 

[美国大学申请essay格式]英...... 2021-10-09

本文是一篇新西兰管理学专业assignment代写服务范文。管理的本质,就是变无把握为有把握。——《极简管理:中国式......

标签:MANAGEMENT I 管理方法 现代 商业组织 

Get in Touch

微信在线咨询

微信在线咨询

添加微信:
支持语音、图文实时沟通

Email实时沟通

Email实时沟通

您也可以通过Email联系我们
邮箱:

自助提交订单

自助提交订单

登陆ESSAY写作官网
在线自助提交订单

essay代写网专注【海外留学生essay代写20年】essay辅导代写正规品牌【留学生代写essay靠谱机构】提供英文essay代写、英国代写essay、美国代写Assignment、澳洲report代写、加拿大代写paper、essay范文格式讲解、Assignment代写、代写report、paper代写、essay代写一般多少钱、essay代写招聘、essay代写靠谱吗、英国研究生essay代写、留学生代写平台等辅导代写服务