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时间:2021-10-19 08:00 来源: Essay代写

摘要:文章利用SWOT模型对廉租房REiTs融资模式的优缺点、面临的机遇和威胁进行了系统分析,提出推行廉租房REITs融资将对目......

I. Background
一、背景介绍

(A) REITsREITs, namely real estate investment trust, is in English "RealEstateInvestmentTrust" the acronym is a kind of income certificates issued qualified majority pooling investor funds, real estate investment institutions by specialized investment management, and investment in the consolidated income pro rata to investors as a trust fund. 1960, the first born only of REITs in the U.S., after 50 years of development, currently the world there are about more than 480 REITs in operation among the total assets under management more than 605 billion U.S. dollars.


(一)REITsREITs,即房地产投资信托,是英文“RealEstateInvestmentTrust”的缩写,是一种以发行收益凭证的方式汇集特定多数投资者的资金,由专门投资机构进行房地产投资经营管理,并将投资综合收益按比例分配给投资者的一种信托基金。1960,第一只REITs在美国诞生,经过50年的发展,目前全世界大约有480多家REITs在运作之中,管理的资产总值超过6050亿美元。


REITs generally have the following classification: According to the organizational form of classification, can be divided into the contract type, company type, contract type can be subdivided into unit type (including partnerships) and fund type; investors can redeem in accordance with classification, can be divided into development-oriented, closed; funds to invest in accordance with the classification can be classified as equity (EquityREITs), mortgage type (MortgageREITs) and mixed (Hybrid REITs). In the United States, REITs type and structure, scope and development investment is mainly affected by the impact of the evolution of the relevant tax law, the current U.S. REITs generally use three basic structural forms, namely the traditional structure, the umbrella partnership structure and subordinate partnership structure. In Japan, the structure of the company's widely used type of REITs, publicly traded REITs are belong to the company type, it is first set up an SPV (SpecialPurposeVehicle, referred SPV) company, issued investment certificates to raise funds from investors, and then purchase and manage real estate, SPV company must be responsible for their own management and operation of real estate, or to outsource the management and operational functions to a third party. Singapore and Hong Kong REITs is the issue of trust units to investors, and then use the financing to buy real estate or gold related assets (such as mortgage-backed securities), REITs do not have independent legal personality, it must appoint Trustee managed REITs, while employment real estate management company managing the purchase of real estate and related assets. China is currently preparing the implementation of pilot projects in Tianjin and Shanghai REITs, of which Shanghai is the debt of REITs, that financing side just put the usufruct of property collateral, without the need to sell equity financing, mainly by the central bank and the CBRC head; while Tianjin is one option Type REITs, mainly by the SFC supervisor.
REITs一般有以下几种分类方法:按照组织形式分类,可分为契约型、公司型,契约型还可细分为单位型(包括合伙制)和基金型;按照投资人能否赎回分类,可分为开发型、封闭型;按照资金投向分类,可分为权益型(EquityREITs),抵押权型(MortgageREITs)和混合型(Hybrid REITs)。在美国,REITs类型结构、投资范围和发展等主要受相关税法演变的影响,目前美国的REITs一般采用三种基本的结构形式,即传统结构、伞形合伙结构和下属合伙结构。在日本,普遍采用的结构是公司型REITs,上市交易的REITs都属于公司型,它首先成立一个SPV(SpecialPurposeVehicle,简称SPV)公司,发行投资凭证募集投资者的资金,然后购买并管理房地产,SPV公司必须自己负责房地产的管理和经营,或者将管理和经营职能外包给第三方。新加坡和香港REITs则是向投资者发行信托单位,然后用所融资金购买房地产或者相关资产(例如房地产抵押贷款支持证券),REITs没有独立的法人资格,因此必须聘任信托管理人管理REITs,同时聘任房地产管理公司管理所购房地产及相关资产。我国目前筹备在天津和上海试点推行REITs,其中上海是债权型的REITs,即融资方只是把物业收益权抵押担保,而不需要出让股权的融资方式,主要由央行和银监会主管;而天津是股权型REITs,主要由证监会主管。


(Two) the domestic low-cost housing finance situation  


From the implementation of low-rent housing pilot cities, the current sources of funds including financial allocations, value-added income housing fund, social security and social donations, and land transfer net income to partially fund the construction of low-rent housing financing channels still relatively simple, and the money supply exists unstable characteristics. While financing session also exposed to the following questions:
   

1, the active participation of local governments is not high. Currently the land premium in local government budget revenue accounted for a large proportion, known as the "fiscal second", and low-cost housing is not only related to low-cost transfer of land, but also need some financial subsidies, so the local government For low-cost housing construction is often not enthusiastic. While stimulating local GDP considerations, local governments are also more inclined to general real estate development.
   

2, low-cost housing construction funds demand, serious funding gap. Low-cost housing for the poorest of the construction of housing, "900 billion yuan housing plan" put forward over the next three years, plans to low-cost housing solutions 7,470,000 income family housing difficulties. Of which 2.87 million through Shiwupeizu resolved 4600000 solved through rental subsidies. The total investment in this area is about 215 billion yuan. While the national fiscal revenue for low-cost housing construction funding sources are not stable, and often cause was diverted due to characteristics. In recent years, China's social welfare benefits and pension spending growth has slowed compared to previous years, resulting in social security funds for the construction of low-rent housing support is very limited.
   

3, the financial instruments is limited, slow development of market-based financing mechanisms. Other developed countries has basically been direct government investment to government under the guidance of private investment as a source of funding for low-cost housing construction, and the current funding of low-rent housing, mostly from government finance, social capital can be used to absorb the financial instruments is very limited.
  

Second, the low-rent housing REITs financing mode SWOT analysis

本文标签: 廉租房房地产

[大学经济essay怎么写]阿斯顿大学\Aston University:关于推行廉租房房地产投资信托融资模式的分析https://www.0592w.com/ASSIGNMENT/16329.html

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