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摘要:本文是英国留学项目评估课程作业,根据作业要求解释私营部门项目评估的现金流方法,以及各自存在的缺点。......

英国留学生Project Appraisal coursework

 

解释私营部门项目评估的现金流方法

Explain the discounted cash flow methods of project appraisal in the private sector.Why is discounting an important component part of the calculations that are made to 

appraise net benefits of an investment project?

 

折现现金流量法(以下简称“DCF”)主要应用于项目评估,特别是私营部门资金的时间价值的内容下。即,DCF折现使用现值(以下称为“光伏”),这是专为未来现金流量估计。贴现率是应用于加权平均成本的资本(以下简称WACC)可能对现金流风险的伟大的影响。此外,贴现率可以反映出2个组成部分,即货币的时间价值和风险溢价。此外,贴现现金流公式是来自未来的价值公式计算的时间价值的钱和组合收益。
 

Discounted Cash Flows methods (hereinafter called “DCF”) are mainly applied to the project valuation under the contents of the time value of the money especially for the private sector.  Namely, the DCF is discounted to use their Present Value (hereinafter called “PV”), which is designed for the future cash flows estimation. In the explanation of the PV is guided that all future incoming and outgoing cash flow are both Net Present Value (NPV) which is always in the form of the value or price in the application of project appraisal in the private sector. In the calculation of the NPV under the DCF, three factors should fully considered in the question, that is , input cash flow, discounted rates and output price.The discount rate is applied in the light of the weighted average cost of capital (hereinafter called WACC) which could have the great impact on the risk of the cash flow. In addition, the discounted rate could reflect two components, that is, time value of the money and risk premium. Also, the discounted cash flow formula is derived from the future value formula for calculating the time value of money and compounding returns.As can be seen in the formula, discounting an important component part of the calculations that are made to appraise net benefits of an investment project, the reason is that it is connected to time value of money and compounding returns in the project.There are three methods; they are Net present value,the internal rate of return, and Benefit-cost ratio.

 

净现值 Net present value (NPV)

NPV is the difference between the present value of cash inflows and the present value of cash outflows. It is used in capital budgeting to analyze the profitability of an investment or project.

 

内部收益率The internal rate of return (IRR)

The internal rate of return (IRR) is a rate of return used in capital budgeting to measure and compare the profitability of investments. In the context of savings and loans, the IRR is also called the effective interest rate. The term internal refers to the fact that its calculation does not incorporate environmental factors (e.g., the interest rate or inflation).

 

效益成本比率Benefit-cost ratio(BCR)

A benefit-cost ratio (BCR) is an indicator, used in the formal discipline of cost-benefit analysis that attempts to summarize the overall value for money of a project or proposal. A BCR is the ratio of the benefits of a project or proposal, expressed in monetary terms, relative to its costs, also expressed in monetary terms. All benefits and costs should be expressed in discounted present values.Explain how changes of working capital are taken into account in the accurate estimation of the Net Cash Flow of a project.

The working capital has the close relationship with the current assets and current liabilities. In the contents of the current assets included the items such as cash on hand and account receivable and others; also, the contents of the current liabilities are included the items such as account payable and short-term loan within one year and others. The project can be recorded the working capital as their daily operations. Also, the project could estimate the net cash flow through the working capital between two accounting periods. The relationship can be described as the increase the working capital, the decrease the net cash flow; conversely, the working capital is decreasing, the net cash flow is increasing. Outline the main stages of a Social Cost-Benefit Analysis (SCBA) with reference to a project appraisal with which you are familiar.

 

The objective of the SCBA is to determine:

1.Economic benefits of the project in terms of shadow price;

2.The impact of the project on the level of savings and investments in the 

 

society;

3.The impact of the project on the distribution of income in the society;

4.The contribution of the project towards the fulfillment of certain irritants 

 

(self-sufficiency, employment etc.)

There are five stages involved in the SCBA: Case of the environment impact assessment

 

1.Define the decision;

Whether environment impact is a serious problem?

2.Identify and measure the project's impacts;

3.Quantify these impacts into monetary values;

4.Discount future costs and benefits;

Individually normally prefer to enjoy the benefit now rather than later, the future 

 

value should be discounted 

5.Apply decision rue;

6.Allow for risk and uncertainty;

7.Make a recommendation.

 

Suggest an appropriate methodology to value each of the following project impacts:

a) a tourism project that attracts more visitors to a national park

b) a highway project that generates increased traffic noise and air pollution in the 

 

vicinity of the highway

c) a dam project that floods a valley which results in the loss of unique prehistoric archaeological sites.

本文标签: Project Appr项目评估评估方法

[怎么样写一篇好的essay]英国留学生Project Appraisal courseworkhttps://www.0592w.com/COURSEWORK/13430.html

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[优秀essay范文140词]机器人...... 2021-04-11

机器人在未来的应用将被讨论。在这份报告中,他们的一些建议将被总结。......

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[加拿大大学网申essay]过去...... 2021-04-11

摘要:本文主要讲述了蒙古国的法律框架体系,蒙古国是第一个在中国的统治下的国家,直到1921年他们才有了国家独立......

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[essay 1000字模板]审计委员...... 2021-04-11

本文的研究审计委员会运作在巴林的相关审计。审计委员会在公司治理方面是一个有效而强大的工具。......

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[国外essay案例分析步骤]股...... 2021-04-11

摘要:本文主要讲述了公司中普通股可以接收任何数量的股息,基于公司的利润水平。在正常情况下,所有股息都应征......

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[怎么修改essay]信号衰减模...... 2021-04-11

随着植被衰减越来越严重,信号衰减模型是用来描述和量化不同植被密度,可以提高测量的准确性。......

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[外交学院英语政论essay]新...... 2021-04-11

世界经济秩序的快速转变和人们普遍看法认为,某些结构和不可逆转的变化正在进行中,有可能对新秩序的形状进行......

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