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摘要:西班牙和葡萄牙衰落了吗Why did Spain and Portugal slip 下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文 -- Why did Spain and Portugal slip,文章讲述在17世纪初期,英国通过击败1588年西班牙的无敌舰队而成为世界上......

西班牙和葡萄牙衰落了吗  Why did Spain and Portugal slip

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文 -- Why did Spain and Portugal slip,文章讲述在17世纪初期,英国通过击败1588年西班牙的无敌舰队而成为世界上最强大的帝国,这也标志着西班牙和葡萄牙的地位从此永远被取代。我认为,政治和经济等许多方面的问题都是造成两国衰落的原因。从政治上讲,西班牙和葡萄牙仍处于封建制度下,而英国已经进入了君主立宪制的新时代。

In the early 17th century, Britain became the most powerful empire in the world by defeating the Spanish Armada in 1588, which also marked the permanent replacement of The status of Spain and Portugal. I believe that many issues, political and economic, have contributed to the decline of both countries. Politically, Spain and Portugal were still under feudalism, while Britain had entered a new era of constitutional monarchy.
 
Why did Spain and Portugal slip
 
In the early 17th century, Britain became the most powerful empire in the world by defeating Spanish Invincible Armada in 1588, which also marked Spain and Portugal’s position were replaced for ever since then. I think the problems in many aspects such as politics and economy account for the decline of the two countries.

为什么西班牙和葡萄牙会下滑衰败
 
17世纪初,英国在1588年打败西班牙无敌舰队,成为世界上最强大的帝国,这也标志着西班牙和葡萄牙的地位从此被取代。我认为两国的衰落是由于政治、经济等多方面的问题造成的。

Politically speaking, Spain and Portugal were still under feudal system while Britain had already entered the new era of constitutional monarchy. To gain wealth from other lands, groups of navigators on voyage were sent by the royal families and all the expenses were also supported by the rulers. Accordingly, all the wealth from overseas belonged to the royal families. The two countries became insanely rich because their “troops” raided large wealth form colonized land. The wealth was lavishly spent by the rulers since not too many efforts had been made. On the contrary, Britain’s expansion of overseas land first came from the organization of the society rather than the royal family. The wealth they got was carefully cherished. With money fast running out, Spain and Portugal must went to the doom of decline.
The backward economical systems in Spain and Portugal were the root cause for their decline. Though they had accumulated wealth in great amount, the economical development still remained in a traditional way. It was still handicraft industry across the two countries. The wealth was mostly spent on wars or religious stuff. Spain was involved in numerous wars with other European countries while Portugal poured too much money into their religious business. They didn’t develop mass-production industry as Britain did with the wealth. What they did were making profits by transporting the products from other European countries to colonies. The rapid development of industry made England the first capitalized country, which was also the most import way to secure its most powerful position in the world. The unreasonable usage of their wealth finally made Spain and Portugal lose the title of two biggest powers.

政治上,西班牙和葡萄牙还处于封建制度下,而英国已经进入了君主立宪制的新时代。为了从其他土地上获取财富,皇室派航海家出海航行,所有费用也由统治者负担。因此,所有来自海外的财富都属于皇室家族。这两个国家变得疯狂富裕是因为他们的“军队”掠夺了殖民土地上的大量财富。由于没有付出太多的努力,这些财富被统治者挥霍一空。相反,英国海外土地扩张首先来自于社会的组织,而不是皇室家族。他们得到的财富得到了仔细的珍惜。随着资金迅速耗尽,西班牙和葡萄牙必然走向衰落。
 
西班牙和葡萄牙落后的经济体制是其衰落的根本原因。虽然他们积累了大量的财富,但经济发展仍然保持传统的方式。两国的手工业仍然是手工业。这些财富大部分花在了战争和宗教事务上。西班牙卷入了与其他欧洲国家的多次战争,而葡萄牙在他们的宗教事务上投入了太多的资金。他们没有像英国那样发展大规模生产工业。他们所做的就是通过将产品从其他欧洲国家运送到殖民地来赚取利润。工业的迅速发展使英国成为世界上第一个资本化国家,这也是英国获得世界最强大地位的最重要途径。对财富的不合理利用最终使西班牙和葡萄牙失去了世界两大强国的头衔。

The decline of the two countries also resulted from bunches of social problems. The most severe problem happened between the rulers and the common people. The wealth from colonies only made the royal families the richest people in the world, but their people were still impoverished. In Portugal, the parents only dreamed that they could send their children to the church so that they wouldn’t be starved to death. What made the situation worse was that the rulers still levied high tax on the people. They didn’t strive to make the people live a better life but exploiting them as much as they could. Complaints and anger were everywhere in the countries. Technically speaking, it was the royal family who became the richest countries in the world, not the whole country. So the decline of Spain and Portugal was the inevitable process with the development of other countries.

Besides the problems resided internally, the ways they dealt with their colonial land also facilitated their decline. Both of the two countries were not large either in territory or in population, but they had vast colonial land overseas especially Spain. Their colonies were scattered all over the world, so how to govern the colonies properly became one of the biggest concerns for them. Their lands were eventually taken away by other countries since they couldn’t send enough hands to guard their wealth. The internal conflicts and external threaten from other countries all lead to the decline of Spain and Portugal.

 
两国的衰落也是一系列社会问题造成的。最严重的问题发生在统治者和百姓之间。殖民地带来的财富只是使皇室家族成为世界上最富有的人,但他们的人民仍然贫穷。在葡萄牙,父母们只是梦想着能把孩子送到教堂,这样他们就不会饿死。更糟糕的是,统治者仍然向人民征收重税。他们没有努力让人民过上更好的生活,而是尽其所能地剥削人民。这些国家到处都是抱怨和愤怒。从技术上讲,是皇室家族成为了世界上最富有的国家,而不是整个国家。因此,西班牙和葡萄牙的衰落是伴随着其他国家发展的必然过程。
 
 
除了国内问题外,他们对待殖民地土地的方式也导致了他们的衰落。这两个国家的领土和人口都不大,但他们在海外有大片的殖民地,尤其是西班牙。他们的殖民地分散在世界各地,如何正确地管理这些殖民地成为他们最关心的问题之一。他们的土地最终被其他国家夺走,因为他们无法派遣足够的人手来保护他们的财富。内部冲突和来自其他国家的外部威胁都导致了西班牙和葡萄牙的衰落。

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