• 20年专注海外留学生essay代写

  • 50000+留学生essay代写首选品牌

  • 正规教育机构教你怎么写essay范文

当前位置: essay代写网 > TERMPAPER >

时间:2021-04-08 09:36 来源: Essay代写

摘要:摘要:本文主要讲述了跨国公司内部问题的解决。二战后大量外国投资增强与跨国公司在全球经济中的角色第一次看......

摘要:本文主要讲述了跨国公司内部问题的解决。二战后大量外国投资增强与跨国公司在全球经济中的角色第一次看到绝对应该考虑的大小。

介绍

这个学期论文侧重于以下主题:

跨国公司——部分问题或部分解决方案?

探索这个主题,我将主要在全球政治经济与跨国公司的兴起,关注驱动力背后的的私有化规范,最重要的问题是企业行为准则的实现。

为了做到这一点,本文的第一部分将重点发展事业需要规范全球政治经济的私有化,简要概述了历史和跨国公司的兴起和全球跨国公司所造成的问题。接下来,本文将进一步阐述在处理这些问题时国家面临的困难,紧随其后的是大纲对企业行为准则旨在探索为什么,如果,行为准则提供了一个可能的解决这些问题。最后,本文提供了一个现状的结论。

跨国公司

部分问题或解决方案的一部分?

跨国合作(跨国公司)的起源可以追溯到时间的帝国主义主要有西欧国家,如英国、荷兰和法国开始殖民海外理由寻求新的资源使用他们自己的利益。这个项目通过几个世纪来开发,随着19世纪资本主义的崛起,获得更多的形象。保护和扩大市场的重要性越来越大,这一趋势寻求边境寻找替代机会尤其是自然资源如石油也增加了。

介绍——Introduction

This term paper focuses on the following subject:

Transnational companies - part of the problem or part of the solution?

Exploring this topic, I will mainly focus on driving forces behind the privatisation of norms in the global political economy in relation to the rise of TNCs and the most crucial issues in the implementation of codes of corporate conduct.

In order to do this, the first part of this paper will focus on the developments that cause the need for the privatisation of norms in the global political economy, giving a brief overview on the history and rise of TNCs and the global problems caused by TNCs. Next, the paper will further elaborate on the difficulties nation states face when dealing with these problems, followed by an outline on corporate codes of conduct which aims to explore why, how and if, codes of conduct may offer a possible solution to these issues. Finally, the paper provides a conclusion of the current situation.

跨国公司——Transnational Companies

部分问题或解决方案的一部分?——Part Of The Problem Or Part Of The Solution?

The origins of Transnational Cooperations (TNCs) can be traced back to the time of imperialism when mostly Western European countries, such as Great Britain, The Netherlands and France started to colonize overseas grounds in seek of new resources to use for their own benefit. This initiative developed itself through centuries to come, obtaining more shape with the rise of capitalism in the 19th century. The importance of protecting and expanding markets became bigger and the trend to seek across the border for alternative opportunities in search for especially natural resources such as oil also increased. After the Second World War foreign investment augmented heavily with which TNCs' role in the global economy first saw a size that should definitely be taken into account.

Over the last few decades, riding on the further development of globalisation, Transnational Corporations have gained a lot of power in globalized world. With the liberalisation of international markets, through international trade organisations, the rise of regional bodies (EU) and the opening up of new areas as such as Central and Eastern Europe, TNCs obtained a bigger scope for their businesses and saw their powers increasing. Especially in relation to nation states, as countries had to sacrifice some of their own sovereignty to enhance trade.

Through further (international) mergers and acquisitions, TNCs have been growing very rapidly on a global base, becoming one of the richest and most dominant divisions of the globalized world and therefore being able to influence their environment to a large extent.

A Transnational Corporation nowadays can be defined as a profit making cooperation marked by two basic characteristics:

1) it engages in enough business activities -- including sales, distribution, extraction, manufacturing, and research and development -- outside the country of origin so that it is dependent financially on operations in two or more countries;

2) its management decisions are made based on regional or global alternatives. (Greer, Kavaljit; 2000)

With reference to the first part of above definitions, the following can be said about the mode of operation of TNCs; TNC mostly operate as parent companies, having it's home base in the TNC's country of origin, exercising an authoritative, controlling a subsidiary in another country either directly (if it is private) or by owning some or all of the shares (if it is public). It mostly outsources activities to an outside supplier to improve its performance. It can either do this at a foreign location which is called off shoring, or at a domestic location, called inn shoring. Subsidiaries can have a different name than the original parent company. The style of relationships between parent and subsidiary companies differs among TNCs, creating an elaborate network of various interrelated enterprises, each having their own different interests in the particular industry.

Although TNCs do stimulate the flow of investment, technology, profits etc. and through this have raised economic growth and employment rates, they are mostly not very concerned with the wellbeing of the citizens of the countries in which their subsidiaries operate, causing problems with regard to human/labour rights, environment conditions and even government corruption.

The increased power of TNCs brought about some serious wide reaching problems in different segments of the modern globalized world. TNCs are in frequent cases far richer and more powerful than national governments and are therefore able to dominate economies and influence policymaking, having effect on the daily lives of many others. According to publications of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (2004), TNCs economic power compares to that of countries (United Nations conference of trade and development, 2004; 4).

Additionally, because of globalisation; the liberalisation of trade policies, the deregulation of economies and privatisation of enterprises, national governments at the same time have much less control over what goes on in their own territory or what their own multinationals do elsewhere and they no longer have the resources they had in the past to solve these problems.

In the economic field, TNCs have a tendency to dominate industries, this because of their large transnational network of subsidiaries (either private or public). Taking advantage of this, an often seen phenomenon here is intra-company trade, which basically comes down to a modern form of oligopoly. Intra-company relates to transactions between subsidiaries that are part of the same parent companies. This system can be harmful as it uses a technique known as "transfer pricing".

The TNCs set prices for transfers of goods, services, technology, and loans between their worldwide affiliates which diverge a great deal from the prices which other firms would have had to pay. This way a TNC maximises its own profits and avoids national laws as the other company is related to the parent company and thus part of the same organisational structure. Also, because the TNC has a worldwide network of subsidiaries, who, as mentioned before, are not always using the same name as the parent enterprise, it can shift funds around the world without any real taxation of it. Furthermore, TNCs can fluctuate the prices in relation to the local tax rates of a particular country, creating their own profitable environment. To give an idea of the scale of this issue, the sums involved in transfer mispricing would be more than enough to meet the extra US$40-60 billion the World Bank estimates poor countries will need annually to meet the millennium development goals (Christian Aid, 2008). The ability of TNCs to set prices in above mentioned ways leaves national governments unable to control their own markets.

Moreover, especially poor countries are often dependant on TNCs for investment in their economy. TNCs are regarded as an opportunity for economic growth, and developing countries are therefore eager to attract them. As indicated in the second part of the above given definitions; TNCs base their management decisions on the local rules. And if these local rules and circumstances are favourable to their business, a TNC will implement its business there. So unfortunately, as a result, this often comes down to the fact that these activities are being accepted and even business regulations and policies for labour, health, and the environment are loosened in favour of a TNC.

In the political field, corruption, in the form of bribes to influence policy and decisions making processes are not uncommon.

Although the power of TNCs has at first been underestimated, attempts to take measures to regulate the conduct of TNCs better have been taken over the years. Yet, one problem for nation states to fight these issues is that with rapid globalisation and the creation of big open markets, a gap has been created between the scope of reach of a national, international or regional organisations and decision made by supra national bodies, leaving a big play ground for TNCs in between. It is off course equally true that these combined forces of regional and international organisations are able to strengthen the position of governments by means of new laws, but wherever cooperation takes place, autonomy becomes a new issue too. Governments had to cooperate to create new policies, which could conflict with national law, not making the decision making procedure any easier, or faster. Despite the existence at the international level of treaties, agreements and conventions, there is no set of international rules to regulate business activities and their impact on society (United Nations conference of trade and development, 2004; 4).

But the biggest problem is, even though TNCs raise serious problems that need to be taken care of, constraint of their conduct is also undesirable as they are seen as positive instruments to promote growth. On the one hand, nation states wish to fight the situation, on the other hand they cannot as it will have a negative impact on their own economic well-being, creating a confusion of interests. Especially poor government can therefore choose to put profits before community interests by tolerating the behaviour of certain TNCs.

A “middle of the road” approach in managing this matter is the development of codes of conduct, an initiative first introduced by NGOs in the 1980's. These codes of conduct are regulations to be adopted by TNCs to improve the imbalanced power relation between corporations and nation states and to stimulate TNCs to take greater social responsibility for the consequences of their corporate behaviour. Codes of conduct can be seen as an expression of corporate social responsibility, but also as rule setting behaviour - attempts to help fill some of the existing international institutional voids (Kolk, van Tulder, 2005:1). They contain guidelines, recommendations and rules issued by entities within society (adopting body or actor) with the intent to affect the behaviour of (international) business entities (target) within society in order to enhance corporate responsibility. (Kolk, van Tulder, 2005: 3). Through the years a very diverse range of players have been involved in the development of codes of conduct. These include corporations, business associations, NGOs, labour unions, shareholders, investors, consumers, consultancy firms, governments, and international organizations. Broadly speaking, codes of conduct can be divided into five main types: specific company codes, association, multi-stakeholder codes, inter-governmental and international framework agreements (Singh K. 2007; 1-2).

As mentioned before, corporate codes of conduct were first introduced in the 1980's. Many nation states considered this initiative a promising initiative, eager to seek further support to implement it. It was clear that because of the huge extend of TNCs, national or higher level powers do not have enough strength to control TNCs, while supra national bodies are unable to lay down policies that fit regional needs to better regulate.

Although there was enough interest shown by governments from the developed world as well as the developing world, the biggest problem was to reach a common agreement on the function, content and potential sanctions against violation of these codes by TNCs, mainly because of different interests between the developed and developing world. This resulted in the fact that the codes became voluntary instead of mandatory.

Although national government were convinced in the 80's that enterprises and markets could regulate themselves, the reality turned out to be very different. When codes of conduct were first introduced TNCs showed little interest, but under pressure of big campaigns launched in developed countries, focussing on the overseas activities of well known brand names, the first TNCs stated to adopt these corporate codes of conduct, fearing damage to their image.

Only since the 1990's, TNCs themselves started to take initiatives, moving away from the emphasis on the thoughts of one single actor, something know as the “multi-stakeholder” approach (Utting, Jenkins and Alva Pino, 2002: 61). Multi-stakeholder codes address a vast range of issues and provide independent monitoring mechanisms and, therefore, are increasingly viewed as a credible alternative. They are set up as non-profit organizations consisting of coalitions of companies, labour unions, and NGOs that develop specific standards (Singh K. 2007; 1-2).

This change of approach was caused by a change of attitude on the stake-, share- and consumer side, which started to show more interest in the social and environmental impact of TNCs conduct and hereby putting these topics higher on the corporate agenda. This change of attitude caused a chain reaction of in the restructuring of approach across enterprises, continuing to industry levels and has created a certain vast standard of expectation, especially by the stake- and shareholders involved, which is positive progress.

Although this development sounds promising, one of the questions raised here is if this development of augmented adoption of corporate codes of conduct really implies an increased awareness of corporate social responsibility and actual improvement of corporate behaviour.

First, when it comes to the bottom line, codes of conduct are still not legally binding. This means that no cooperation can be hold legally responsible when violating them.

Secondly, the contents of codes of conduct can be questionable. Although the multi-stakeholder approach is the most frequently used way of implementing codes of conduct, there is now regulation that prescribes a TNC to use this approach. They still have the liberty to choose whatever code is convenient. Codes can therefore be very poor in their contents, not properly describing policies or even leaving out the most important issues. Furthermore, because of the fact that each TNC is free to choose its own codes of conduct, they vary very much among different industries, each promoting their own criteria and standards. This creates a confusing situation and makes it considerably easy for TNCs to still get away with certain practices.

Additionally the word of TNCs can be deceiving. Enterprises may not always have the right intentions when designing and adapting codes, but singly aim to promote and protect their image by misleading the public. They can even use it as a strategic tool to generate positive PR instead, while at the same time they go on as they have always done, only now with the false approval of the public by pretending to carry out corporate responsibility. What is written down on paper is frequently not carried out in practice. This while one of the key objectives of the multi-stakeholder initiatives has been to improve the quality of standard-setting, reporting, auditing, monitoring and verification procedures (Utting, Jenkins and Alva Pino, 2002: 82).

The lack of monitoring of the execution of corporate social responsibility can result in the fact that TNCs resume to actually implement codes of conduct. The problem here lies in the lack of transparency and verification which limits the effectiveness of its implementation. Most codes do not have a mechanism for accountability or follow-up (United Nations conference of trade and development, 2004; 6).

Above mention flaws in system of using codes of conduct to force TNCs to practice better social behaviour, result into the conclusion that codes of conduct in combination with the enhanced pressure on TNCs by new actors, do raise corporate social responsibility but however do only provide a part of the solution as their scope is not extensive enough. These are some crucial issues that have to be overcome in order to make it work in practice.

A possible solution could lie in the interference of national laws. When establishing a relationship between businesses codes of conduct can be included in the contract and hence making them binding. Also, governments could fight rogue TNCs by making it possible to take legal steps against enterprises which publish false codes of conduct under laws on misrepresentation. (United Nations conference of trade and development, 2004; 7) This can make TNCs vulnerable as when being caught publishing false statements, images are damaged and other actors such as consumers, stake- and shareholders may retreat as partners.

Another legislative measure could be the obligation for TNCs to become transparent to the public in terms of social matters. A good step of national governments is to require enterprises and subsidiaries located on their territory to provide statistical information on their workforce and its fluctuation, wages, health and safety, working conditions, training, labour relations, living conditions, and measures taken in favour of employment. France has made an excellent example in 2002 by requiring that all the biggest national and international enterprises located on their territories report on employee, community and environmental issues, and even more important, how corporations' subsidiaries respect the International Labour Organisation's (ILO) fundamental conventions and how corporations promote these conventions among their affiliates (United Nations conference of trade and development, 2004; 8).

The task of regulating TNCs remains a complex matter. Even though the attitude of civil society has changed, being able to put greater pressure on corporate behaviour and thus being able to change it for the positive up to a certain extent, corporate codes of conduct do not seems to be able to singly overcome the situation for now. Equally true however, great progress has been made by means of this system, considering that it was first seriously implemented in the 1990s. Therefore voluntary approaches definitely could be used as tools to regulate on corporate behaviour, however there is still a vital need for a strong, transparent and efficient supervisory framework to oversee the right implementation these policies. Even though coalitions of companies, labour unions, and NGOs are there to vouch for this framework, they do not posses the power to take any real measures. The framework could be found in the backing of national governments, which can make the use of corporate codes of conduct more effective by implementing them into the legal system.

This way, step by step, TNCs and national governments, combined with the efforts of NGOs, labour unions, and other civil society organizations, do have the ability form a strong and clear policy.

Claire Delahaije - Global Governance February 2010

本文标签: 代写papertermpaper代写澳洲论文代写英文论文写作SCI英文写作英文paper代写英文文章代写英文作业代写美国paper代写商科paper代写paper代写加急加拿大paper代写代写英文paper淘宝paper代写温哥华paper代写北美paper代写留学生个人简历代写英语paper代写paper代写淘宝paper pass代写essay作业代写coursework课程thesis papercoursework课程thesis paperI跨国公司

[英语的essay怎么写]学期论文:问题解决方案的一部分https://www.0592w.com/TERMPAPER/12166.html

essay辅导替代essay代写-正规代写机构教你怎么写essays范文-Essay写作格式网官方推荐

99.99%的用户同时也查看了:

[essay六十多分什么水平]国...... 2021-04-16

本文是一篇分析马来西亚的货币需求决定因素的留学生论文,相对收益较高的货币市场工具来说,提高国家基金利率......

标签:termpaper代写 coursework课程 英文paper代写 澳洲论文代写 代写paper paper pass代写 paper代写淘宝 英文文章代写 英文作业代写 英语paper代写 留学生个人简历代写 北美paper代写 温哥华paper代写 淘宝paper代写 代写英文paper 加拿大paper代写 paper代写加急 商科paper代写 thesis paper 美国paper代写 SCI英文写作 英文论文写作 

[美国本科留学essay]留学生...... 2021-04-16

本文是关于WTO的一篇留学生论文热点话题论文,这篇文章将对世界贸易组织及其形成进行描述,还将分析古典经济学......

标签:termpaper代写 coursework课程 英文paper代写 澳洲论文代写 代写paper paper pass代写 paper代写淘宝 英文文章代写 英文作业代写 英语paper代写 留学生个人简历代写 北美paper代写 温哥华paper代写 淘宝paper代写 代写英文paper 加拿大paper代写 paper代写加急 商科paper代写 thesis paper 美国paper代写 SCI英文写作 英文论文写作 

[加州大学essay]英国留学生...... 2021-04-16

如何写出优秀的英语类课程作业,相信在这个网站里可以找到您想要的答案,本网站提供各种留学生论文服务,本文......

标签:termpaper代写 coursework课程 英文paper代写 澳洲论文代写 代写paper paper pass代写 paper代写淘宝 英文文章代写 英文作业代写 英语paper代写 留学生个人简历代写 北美paper代写 温哥华paper代写 淘宝paper代写 代写英文paper 加拿大paper代写 paper代写加急 商科paper代写 thesis paper 美国paper代写 SCI英文写作 英文论文写作 

[英语essay 开头结尾句]澳洲...... 2021-04-16

留学生课程作业也分为很多种,但是并不一定每一种我们都可以灵活的来撰写,本网站可以提供各种专业服务,相信......

标签:termpaper代写 coursework课程 英文paper代写 澳洲论文代写 代写paper paper pass代写 paper代写淘宝 英文文章代写 英文作业代写 英语paper代写 留学生个人简历代写 北美paper代写 温哥华paper代写 淘宝paper代写 代写英文paper 加拿大paper代写 paper代写加急 商科paper代写 thesis paper 美国paper代写 SCI英文写作 英文论文写作 

[加州大学sat要写essay]代写...... 2021-04-16

风险管理是每个大企业都应该熟练掌握并且运用的一个管理措施。风险管理文化是核心竞争力的根本标志。如何在迅......

标签:termpaper代写 coursework课程 英文paper代写 澳洲论文代写 代写paper paper pass代写 paper代写淘宝 英文文章代写 英文作业代写 英语paper代写 留学生个人简历代写 北美paper代写 温哥华paper代写 淘宝paper代写 代写英文paper 加拿大paper代写 paper代写加急 商科paper代写 thesis paper 美国paper代写 SCI英文写作 英文论文写作 

[修改英文essay的价格]英国...... 2021-04-16

留学生课程作业也分为很多种,但是并不一定每一种我们都可以灵活的来撰写,本网站可以提供各种专业服务,相信......

标签:termpaper代写 coursework课程 英文paper代写 澳洲论文代写 代写paper paper pass代写 paper代写淘宝 英文文章代写 英文作业代写 英语paper代写 留学生个人简历代写 北美paper代写 温哥华paper代写 淘宝paper代写 代写英文paper 加拿大paper代写 paper代写加急 商科paper代写 thesis paper 美国paper代写 SCI英文写作 英文论文写作 

[英国论文essay写作技巧]国...... 2021-04-16

本篇是管理类的留学生课程作业,主要是针对于内部管理的分析。我们也可以把该篇做为课程作业的范文来参考。......

标签:termpaper代写 coursework课程 英文paper代写 澳洲论文代写 代写paper paper pass代写 paper代写淘宝 英文文章代写 英文作业代写 英语paper代写 留学生个人简历代写 北美paper代写 温哥华paper代写 淘宝paper代写 代写英文paper 加拿大paper代写 paper代写加急 商科paper代写 thesis paper 美国paper代写 SCI英文写作 英文论文写作 

[cosmos申请essay]英国伦敦大...... 2021-04-16

本文主要介绍一款手机手机支付平台,它是肯尼亚旅游网的原创产品之一,它是一项手机转账服务,使用户可以通过......

标签:termpaper代写 coursework课程 英文paper代写 澳洲论文代写 代写paper paper pass代写 paper代写淘宝 英文文章代写 英文作业代写 英语paper代写 留学生个人简历代写 北美paper代写 温哥华paper代写 淘宝paper代写 代写英文paper 加拿大paper代写 paper代写加急 商科paper代写 thesis paper 美国paper代写 SCI英文写作 英文论文写作 

[奥本大学申请essay要求]关...... 2021-04-16

主要介绍了世界级的奢侈品牌雨果博斯的发展历程,旗下品牌,品牌理念以及对它的一个潜在市场的分析。......

标签:termpaper代写 coursework课程 英文paper代写 澳洲论文代写 代写paper paper pass代写 paper代写淘宝 英文文章代写 英文作业代写 英语paper代写 留学生个人简历代写 北美paper代写 温哥华paper代写 淘宝paper代写 代写英文paper 加拿大paper代写 paper代写加急 商科paper代写 thesis paper 美国paper代写 SCI英文写作 英文论文写作 

[海外essay 兼职]关于人权法...... 2021-04-16

本文是旨在分析人权法与教育法的相关分析的一篇留学生作业,戈比蒂斯的孩子的年龄到了宾夕法尼亚的义务制上学......

标签:termpaper代写 coursework课程 英文paper代写 澳洲论文代写 代写paper paper pass代写 paper代写淘宝 英文文章代写 英文作业代写 英语paper代写 留学生个人简历代写 北美paper代写 温哥华paper代写 淘宝paper代写 代写英文paper 加拿大paper代写 paper代写加急 商科paper代写 thesis paper 美国paper代写 SCI英文写作 英文论文写作 

[纽约大学 why essay]全面质...... 2021-04-13

本文是一澳洲paper。本文论述了全面质量管理的历史,定义以及主要原则,并举例说明了全面质量管理在阿联酋组织内......

标签:termpaper代写 coursework课程 英文paper代写 澳洲论文代写 代写paper paper pass代写 paper代写淘宝 英文文章代写 英文作业代写 英语paper代写 留学生个人简历代写 北美paper代写 温哥华paper代写 淘宝paper代写 代写英文paper 加拿大paper代写 paper代写加急 商科paper代写 thesis paper 美国paper代写 SCI英文写作 英文论文写作 

[代写2250essay多少钱]微观金...... 2021-04-13

本文旨在分析确定小额信贷机构作为经济增长和发展的主要推动力是否已经达到他们的目标。此外,本文将着眼于小额......

标签:termpaper代写 coursework课程 英文paper代写 澳洲论文代写 代写paper paper pass代写 paper代写淘宝 英文文章代写 英文作业代写 英语paper代写 留学生个人简历代写 北美paper代写 温哥华paper代写 淘宝paper代写 代写英文paper 加拿大paper代写 paper代写加急 商科paper代写 thesis paper 美国paper代写 SCI英文写作 英文论文写作 

[essay文中引用网络内容]英...... 2021-04-13

控制不是领导;管理也不是领导;领导只是领导本身。参与或观察的团队的发展绝对是有趣的,但有时也经常是令人......

标签:termpaper代写 coursework课程 英文paper代写 澳洲论文代写 代写paper paper pass代写 paper代写淘宝 英文文章代写 英文作业代写 英语paper代写 留学生个人简历代写 北美paper代写 温哥华paper代写 淘宝paper代写 代写英文paper 加拿大paper代写 paper代写加急 商科paper代写 thesis paper 美国paper代写 SCI英文写作 英文论文写作 

[英国留学essay怎么写]澳洲...... 2021-04-13

作为一个负责人或者说是一个领导人,他们经营着不同的业务。领导人不需要成为一个管理者去指导员工,但管理者......

标签:termpaper代写 coursework课程 英文paper代写 澳洲论文代写 代写paper paper pass代写 paper代写淘宝 英文文章代写 英文作业代写 英语paper代写 留学生个人简历代写 北美paper代写 温哥华paper代写 淘宝paper代写 代写英文paper 加拿大paper代写 paper代写加急 商科paper代写 thesis paper 美国paper代写 SCI英文写作 英文论文写作 

[加拿大essay代写]英文ter...... 2021-04-13

一个具有挑战性的商业环境,需要通过有效的团队合作经营。 简单来说,这意味着一个团队是一个集体的人一起工作......

标签:termpaper代写 coursework课程 英文paper代写 澳洲论文代写 代写paper paper pass代写 paper代写淘宝 英文文章代写 英文作业代写 英语paper代写 留学生个人简历代写 北美paper代写 温哥华paper代写 淘宝paper代写 代写英文paper 加拿大paper代写 paper代写加急 商科paper代写 thesis paper 美国paper代写 SCI英文写作 英文论文写作 

[大学英语学术写作essay]代...... 2021-04-13

本文是关于电子商务的应用。随着互联网的发展,传统的商务活动开始以一种新的方式出现,这也给商务活动提供了......

标签:termpaper代写 coursework课程 英文paper代写 澳洲论文代写 代写paper paper pass代写 paper代写淘宝 英文文章代写 英文作业代写 英语paper代写 留学生个人简历代写 北美paper代写 温哥华paper代写 淘宝paper代写 代写英文paper 加拿大paper代写 paper代写加急 商科paper代写 thesis paper 美国paper代写 SCI英文写作 英文论文写作 

[大学英语学术写作essay]澳...... 2021-04-13

本文主要介绍了当今服装制造市场的状况,在“快速时尚”愈发流行的今天,制造商将如何应对。......

标签:termpaper代写 coursework课程 英文paper代写 澳洲论文代写 代写paper paper pass代写 paper代写淘宝 英文文章代写 英文作业代写 英语paper代写 留学生个人简历代写 北美paper代写 温哥华paper代写 淘宝paper代写 代写英文paper 加拿大paper代写 paper代写加急 商科paper代写 thesis paper 美国paper代写 SCI英文写作 英文论文写作 

[申请英国研究生essay]看了...... 2021-04-13

可能对于大学新生来说写一篇大学trem paper是一个艰巨的任务.这篇文章就介绍了四个步骤教大家如何写这类文章。希望......

标签:termpaper代写 coursework课程 英文paper代写 澳洲论文代写 代写paper paper pass代写 paper代写淘宝 英文文章代写 英文作业代写 英语paper代写 留学生个人简历代写 北美paper代写 温哥华paper代写 淘宝paper代写 代写英文paper 加拿大paper代写 paper代写加急 商科paper代写 thesis paper 美国paper代写 SCI英文写作 英文论文写作 

[十天新托福essay]美国留学...... 2021-04-13

新技术的出现及其在当今全球化世界中的意义极大地影响了我们的日常生活.新闻行业经历了巨大的转变,传统的新闻行......

标签:termpaper代写 coursework课程 英文paper代写 澳洲论文代写 代写paper paper pass代写 paper代写淘宝 英文文章代写 英文作业代写 英语paper代写 留学生个人简历代写 北美paper代写 温哥华paper代写 淘宝paper代写 代写英文paper 加拿大paper代写 paper代写加急 商科paper代写 thesis paper 美国paper代写 SCI英文写作 英文论文写作 

[大学经济essay怎么写]一篇...... 2021-04-13

本文是一篇term paper,塔利班和基地组织的新秘密武器:让军队沉迷于他们廉价的海洛因。这就是塔利班的海洛因策略。......

标签:termpaper代写 coursework课程 英文paper代写 澳洲论文代写 代写paper paper pass代写 paper代写淘宝 英文文章代写 英文作业代写 英语paper代写 留学生个人简历代写 北美paper代写 温哥华paper代写 淘宝paper代写 代写英文paper 加拿大paper代写 paper代写加急 商科paper代写 thesis paper 美国paper代写 SCI英文写作 英文论文写作 

[1000字essay模板]Microorgani...... 2021-04-10

最新的研究得出结论,许多商业和住宅地毯和地毯被认为是家庭的疾病,都会有哮喘和过敏症。它被认为是促进室内......

标签:Microorganis carpets 地毯 微生物 termpaper代写 coursework课程 英文paper代写 澳洲论文代写 代写paper paper pass代写 paper代写淘宝 英文文章代写 英文作业代写 英语paper代写 留学生个人简历代写 北美paper代写 温哥华paper代写 淘宝paper代写 代写英文paper 加拿大paper代写 paper代写加急 商科paper代写 thesis paper 美国paper代写 SCI英文写作 英文论文写作 

[怎么在essay中引用书名]银...... 2021-04-10

每一个企业在经营上取得成功的,都将有一系列的目标,一些原则和现实的机会,创造一个经营目标,这将有助于在......

标签:HSBC Bank 企业目标 human resour termpaper代写 coursework课程 英文paper代写 澳洲论文代写 代写paper paper pass代写 paper代写淘宝 英文文章代写 英文作业代写 英语paper代写 留学生个人简历代写 北美paper代写 温哥华paper代写 淘宝paper代写 代写英文paper 加拿大paper代写 paper代写加急 商科paper代写 thesis paper 美国paper代写 SCI英文写作 英文论文写作 

[抄了别人的essay]coursewor...... 2021-04-10

在全世界地区中,亚洲每个国家之内及彼此之间的财富均有所不同。这是因为亚洲的巨大空间,在不同的文化、环境......

标签:growth 发展 亚洲 termpaper代写 coursework课程 英文paper代写 澳洲论文代写 代写paper paper pass代写 paper代写淘宝 英文文章代写 英文作业代写 英语paper代写 留学生个人简历代写 北美paper代写 温哥华paper代写 淘宝paper代写 代写英文paper 加拿大paper代写 paper代写加急 商科paper代写 thesis paper 美国paper代写 SCI英文写作 英文论文写作 

[千字essay多少钱]南非通货...... 2021-04-10

本文是一篇英国课程作业,针对南非经济中主要出现的通货膨胀的问题进行了详细的分析和讲解。本文以一个罢工的......

标签:inflation 通货膨胀 economy termpaper代写 coursework课程 英文paper代写 澳洲论文代写 代写paper paper pass代写 paper代写淘宝 英文文章代写 英文作业代写 英语paper代写 留学生个人简历代写 北美paper代写 温哥华paper代写 淘宝paper代写 代写英文paper 加拿大paper代写 paper代写加急 商科paper代写 thesis paper 美国paper代写 SCI英文写作 英文论文写作 

[essay和passsge]英国term pap...... 2021-04-10

这篇term paper以戴尔为例,讲述了有关社会责任与职业道德对企业的影响。......

标签:DELL 社会责任 职业道德 termpaper代写 coursework课程 英文paper代写 澳洲论文代写 代写paper paper pass代写 paper代写淘宝 英文文章代写 英文作业代写 英语paper代写 留学生个人简历代写 北美paper代写 温哥华paper代写 淘宝paper代写 代写英文paper 加拿大paper代写 paper代写加急 商科paper代写 thesis paper 美国paper代写 SCI英文写作 英文论文写作 

[不带essay的SAT考试]澳洲...... 2021-04-10

本论文以两部电影中的主人公为论题,根据剧情展开讨论两位主人公性格的相同点与不同点。其次,本文就两位主人......

标签:澳洲 paper 浅析 奥德赛 千与千寻 主人公 性格 termpaper代写 coursework课程 英文paper代写 澳洲论文代写 代写paper paper pass代写 paper代写淘宝 英文文章代写 英文作业代写 英语paper代写 留学生个人简历代写 北美paper代写 温哥华paper代写 淘宝paper代写 代写英文paper 加拿大paper代写 paper代写加急 商科paper代写 thesis paper 美国paper代写 SCI英文写作 英文论文写作 

Get in Touch

微信在线咨询

微信在线咨询

添加微信:
支持语音、图文实时沟通

Email实时沟通

Email实时沟通

您也可以通过Email联系我们
邮箱:

自助提交订单

自助提交订单

登陆ESSAY写作官网
在线自助提交订单

essay代写网专注【海外留学生essay代写20年】essay辅导代写正规品牌【留学生代写essay靠谱机构】提供英文essay代写、英国代写essay、美国代写Assignment、澳洲report代写、加拿大代写paper、essay范文格式讲解、Assignment代写、代写report、paper代写、essay代写一般多少钱、essay代写招聘、essay代写靠谱吗、英国研究生essay代写、留学生代写平台等辅导代写服务