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摘要:处世哲学Worldly philosophy 下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文 -- Worldly philosophy,文章讲述环顾当今世界,它变得越来越全球化。同时,还会出现更多问题,例如商品的流动,思想和人员的流......

处世哲学 Worldly philosophy


下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文 -- Worldly philosophy,文章讲述环顾当今世界,它变得越来越全球化。同时,还会出现更多问题,例如商品的流动,思想和人员的流动,我们需要加以考虑。在这里,我将基于罗伯特·海尔布隆纳(Robert Heilbroner)着名的《世俗哲学家》一书,着重探讨经济问题。在这本书中,他介绍了许多伟大的经济学家和理论家,他们关于财富创造和分配的言论和思想对社会产生了重大影响,例如亚当·斯密,托马斯·马尔萨斯。在上一章中,他提出了一个令人担忧的问题,即在当今全球化的世界中是否存在世俗哲学的任何地方。
 
  Looking around the present-day world, it becomes more and more global. Meanwhile, more issues such as the movement of goods, ideas and people appear and we need to get them considered. Here, I would focus on problems of economy based on a famous book called the worldly philosophers written by Robert Heilbroner. In this book, he introduces a lot of great economists and theorists whose words and thoughts concerning the creation and distribution of wealth has had a major impact on society such as Adam Smith, Thomas R. Malthus. At the last chapter, he puts forward a worrying problem whether there is any place for worldly philosophy in the modern, globalizing world.

环顾当今世界,它变得越来越全球化。与此同时,商品、思想和人员流动等问题出现了,我们需要考虑这些问题。在这里,我将以罗伯特·海尔布隆纳的著名著作《世俗哲学家》为基础,重点讨论经济问题。在这本书中,他介绍了许多伟大的经济学家和理论家,他们关于财富的创造和分配的言论和思想对社会产生了重大影响,如亚当·斯密,托马斯·r·马尔萨斯。在最后一章,他提出了一个令人担忧的问题,即在当今全球化的世界中,世界哲学是否还有一席之地。

  Before I give my viewpoint to this problem, I will sketch some understanding of me about worldly philosophy and find out the way in which worldly philosophy, globalization, and the international governance institutions such as the monetary and trade regimes relate to one another. After I read the book the worldly philosophers, As far as I am concerned, Worldly philosophers are a kind of economists who have changed the history, philosophers who concern themselves with economics. That is to say, they have used economic theories to influence the whole world and have made a great contribution to the world by dedicating themselves to economics. Worldly philosophy means economic, concerning the need of the social public interests. It can be considered as a science and it need people to take it seriously and study it wholeheartedly. The results of its study are closely related to interests of people. The aim of it is to study various kinds of economic activities, all kinds of relevant economic ties, economic operation and development at various stages of human society. In modern, globalizing world, the monetary and trade regimes are very important and necessary to support a globalizing capitalist economy. Firstly, they make the globalization of a liberal market economy possible in the first instance because they promote policy coordination. The regimes are set up to meet needs of government in countries around the world and let them to adapt international trade and international payments. It can establish principles and make measures so that currency can come into play. If it doesn't have any regimes existing today, we can't realize globalization between countries. Secondly, the regimes are necessary because every country needs a fair transaction and it plays a role to supervise and guarantee the fair distribution of benefits. At the beginning of the globalization, it didn't have any international governance institutions and there was a lack of standardization in the international system at that time. Revolt in the international system against a global economy characterized by open markets, unrestricted capital flows, and the activities of multinational firms appears repeatedly in the guise of trade protection, closed economic blocs, and various kinds of cheating. Individual nations and powerful groups within nations that believe the world economy functions unfairly and to their disadvantage, or who wish to change to benefit themselves to the detriment of others, are an ever-present threat to the stability of the system (Robert Gilpin, 2000). Many developing countries have already been welcome to the ideas of globalization, but are wary of the realities as well. For instance, on November 16 of 2000, during a speech made by Nelson Mandela in the British Museum, he said that they welcomed to follow the course of the globalization. It was inevitable and irreversible. However, he said, if globalization was created to realize true peace and stabilization around the world, it must be a process benefiting all. It can't allow the most politically and economically powerful countries to become a dominant role and to weaken other weak countries surrounding them. It should not be allowed to drain the wealth of smaller countries towards the larger ones, or to increase inequality between richer and poorer regions (Anup, 2006). Therefore, the major point to realize globalization is a fair environment which these regimes can make.

 
在我给出我对这个问题的观点之前,我将对世界哲学做一个大致的了解,找出世界哲学,全球化,以及国际治理机构如货币和贸易体制之间的关系。在我读了《the世俗哲学家》这本书之后,我认为世俗哲学家是一种改变了历史的经济学家,是关注经济的哲学家。也就是说,他们用经济理论影响了整个世界,通过对经济学的钻研,为世界做出了巨大的贡献。世俗哲学就是经济哲学,涉及社会公共利益的需要。它可以被视为一门科学,它需要人们认真对待它,全心全意地研究它。其研究结果与人们的利益密切相关。其目的是研究人类社会各个阶段的各种经济活动、各种相关的经济联系、经济运行和发展。在全球化的现代世界,货币和贸易制度是资本主义经济全球化的重要和必要支撑。首先,它们使自由市场经济的全球化成为可能,首先是因为它们促进了政策协调。这些制度的建立是为了满足世界各国政府的需要,让他们适应国际贸易和国际支付。它可以制定原则,制定措施,让货币发挥作用。如果今天没有任何制度存在,我们就无法实现国与国之间的全球化。其次,制度是必要的,因为每个国家都需要公平的交易,它发挥着监督和保障利益公平分配的作用。在全球化刚开始的时候,没有任何国际治理机构,当时的国际体系缺乏规范性。国际体系中对以开放市场、不受限制的资本流动和跨国公司活动为特征的全球经济的反抗,多次以贸易保护、封闭经济集团和各种欺骗的幌子出现。那些认为世界经济运行不公平并对自己不利的国家和国家内部的强大集团,或者那些希望改变以损害他人而使自己受益的国家和集团,一直都是对体系稳定的威胁(罗伯特·吉尔平,2000)。许多发展中国家已经受到全球化思想的欢迎,但也对现实保持警惕。例如,2000年11月16日,纳尔逊·曼德拉在大英博物馆的演讲中说,他们欢迎跟随全球化的进程。这是不可避免的,不可逆转的。然而,他说,如果全球化是为了实现世界各地的真正和平与稳定而创造的,那么它必须是一个对所有人都有利的过程。它不能允许政治上和经济上最强大的国家成为主导角色,削弱它们周围的弱国。它不应被允许将小国的财富转移到大国,或加剧富国和穷国之间的不平等(Anup, 2006)。因此,实现全球化的重点是这些制度能够创造一个公平的环境。

Next, I will talk about the regimes managed by the IMF and GATT/WTO. Here I will take WTO as an example to discuss its regimes. The World Trade Organization is an organization that intends to supervise and liberalize international trade, offering a place to carry on negotiations and settle disputes. Its regimes are complex, but it sets up a framework for trade policies and follows several principles. The first one is non-discrimination. It has two key components which are principle of MFN treatment and principle of national treatment. The former one requires that each member state of WTO have to apply the same conditions with other member states on all trade. The latter one means that import goods should be regarded as good as the goods produced at home. The second principle is reciprocity. It reflects a wish limiting a scope in case of the appearance of free-riding because of principle of MFN. It also stands for a desire to obtain the opportunity to open foreign market. But it is necessary to negotiate to reach the most benefits. The third principle is binding and enforceable commitments. When one party intends to make little or no compromise in negotiating with the other party and this party can't meet a satisfactory level after negotiation, this principle can settle down these kinds of problem. The fourth principle is transparency. It requires that every member state of WTO should disclosure their trade rules and the rules changed every now and then. The rules that haven't been published shouldn't been put into effect, what's more, relevant international agreements which WTO members have taken part in should be published and informed WTO because they might influence national trade policies. The last principle is safety valves. Governments can restrict trade in some particular circumstances. In some people's eyes, the setting-up of WTO benefits the countries on Global South in which most developing countries such as African countries lie. Because one aim of WTO is to make more positive efforts to ensure that developing countries especially the least developed countries can obtain appropriate shares and interest when their level of economic development considered in the rising of international trade. Only in this way, can WTO establish integrated multilateral trade systems. However, in some field, the countries on Global North keep initiative. Conventions would also consistent with the mainstream of international economic. As far as I am concerned, when we judge whether GATT/WTO regimes would protect interests of developed countries at the cost of developing countries, a key standard is the original intentions of rules of GATT/WTO. At the same time, we should realize changes of national strength of each country. In the different periods of development of international trade, countries which have the situation under control would change. Therefore, we should weigh different benefits from GATT/WTO to different countries in the light of development of the world. For example, with more and more developing countries taking part in WTO, especially, it will dramatically promote a position of stature and prestige of developing countries in WTO when China joins in it. Following the 2008 financial crisis, some changes have been made in the global financial or trade regimes to better reflect the interests of countries in the Global South. Facing the financial crisis, WTO made three emergency measures to make international trade stable.

接下来,我将谈谈由国际货币基金组织和关贸总协定/世贸组织管理的体制。在这里,我将以WTO为例来讨论它的制度。世界贸易组织是一个旨在监督和开放国际贸易的组织,提供一个进行谈判和解决争端的场所。它的体制很复杂,但它为贸易政策建立了一个框架,并遵循一些原则。第一个是非歧视。它包括最惠国待遇原则和国民待遇原则两个关键组成部分。前者要求世贸组织的每个成员国必须在所有贸易中对其他成员国适用同样的条件。后者的意思是进口商品应该被视为与国内生产的商品一样好。第二个原则是互惠性。它反映了由于最惠国原则出现搭便车现象时的一种限制范围的愿望。它还代表着一种渴望,希望获得机会,开放国外市场。但有必要通过谈判来获得最大的利益。第三项原则是有约束力和可强制执行的承诺。当一方在与另一方的谈判中很少或根本没有妥协,而经过谈判又不能达到满意的水平时,这一原则可以解决这类问题。第四条原则是透明度。它要求世贸组织的每一个成员国都要公开自己的贸易规则,而规则不时地会发生变化。未公布的规则不应实施,世贸组织成员已经参与的相关国际协议也应公布并告知世贸组织,因为这些协议可能会影响各国的贸易政策。最后一个原则是安全阀。政府可以在某些特殊情况下限制贸易。在一些人看来,世界贸易组织的建立有利于像非洲国家这样的发展中国家所在的南半球国家。因为世贸组织的目标之一是在国际贸易的崛起中考虑发展中国家特别是最不发达国家的经济发展水平时,做出更积极的努力,确保发展中国家特别是最不发达国家能够获得适当的份额和利益。只有这样,WTO才能建立起一体化的多边贸易体制。然而,在某些领域,全球北方国家保持主动。公约也将符合国际经济的主流。在我看来,当我们判断关贸总协定是否会以牺牲发展中国家为代价来保护发达国家的利益时,一个关键的标准就是关贸总协定规则的初衷。同时,要实现各国国力的变化。在国际贸易发展的不同时期,控制局势的国家会发生变化。因此,我们应该根据世界的发展来权衡关贸总协定对不同国家的不同好处。例如,随着越来越多的发展中国家加入世贸组织,特别是中国加入世贸组织,将极大地提高发展中国家在世贸组织中的地位和威望。2008年金融危机之后,全球金融或贸易体制发生了一些变化,以更好地反映南半球国家的利益。面对金融危机,世贸组织制定了维护国际贸易稳定的三项应急措施。

First, it accomplished trade facilitation negotiations fast. WTO members reported regularly the implementation of trade facilitation to WTO every half a year. Second, it established global safeguard mechanism of trade. WTO members should report the information of its own imports, changes of tariff and anti-dumping measures to WTO every week. Third, all WTO members promised to bound current levels of open trade and wouldn't take any new measures of trade restrictions. They would report implementation to WTO every two years. To countries on the Global South, International Monetary Fund (IMF) had provided bailout funds to counties like Ukraine and Iceland. The World Bank also had provided massive bailout funds to developing countries. As for WTO, it also had taken some measures to help developing countries. When the financial crisis hit in 2008, WTO had focused more on Mobilizing Aid in 2009 and planned to hold a second global Mobilizing Aid meeting. The aim of Mobilizing Aid was to improve independent participation of developing countries in the process to accept aids, strengthening the supervision of implementation of foreign aid determining effectiveness of some indicators measuring the aid activities and developing trade capacity of developing countries.

After all, in the current situation where all countries in the world stayed in the same boat to overcome the financial crisis, it was in the best fundamental interests of developed countries to strengthen developing countries, especially the trade capacity and trade infrastructure of the least developed countries. What's more, this financial crisis provided the possibility of the Doha Round negotiations' success. The Doha Round negotiation can promote global economic progress especially poorer countries through a more level trade field. From this point of view, changes have been made in the global financial or trade regimes to better reflect the interests of countries in the Global South.

一是迅速完成贸易便利化谈判。世贸组织成员每半年定期向世贸组织报告便利贸易措施的实施情况。二是建立全球贸易保障机制。世界贸易组织成员应每周向世界贸易组织报告本国进口产品的信息、关税和反倾销措施的变化。第三,所有世贸组织成员国都承诺限制目前的开放贸易水平,不会采取任何新的贸易限制措施。他们每两年向世贸组织报告执行情况。对于南半球国家,国际货币基金组织(IMF)向乌克兰和冰岛等国家提供了救助资金。世界银行也向发展中国家提供了大量救助资金。至于WTO,它也采取了一些措施来帮助发展中国家。2008年金融危机爆发时,世贸组织在2009年更加注重动员援助,并计划召开第二次全球动员援助会议。动员援助的目的是提高发展中国家对接受援助过程的自主参与,加强对外援执行情况的监督,确定一些衡量援助活动的指标的有效性和发展中国家的贸易能力。
 
 
 
毕竟,在当前世界各国同舟共济战胜金融危机的形势下,加强发展中国家特别是最不发达国家的贸易能力和贸易基础设施建设,最符合发达国家的根本利益。更重要的是,这次金融危机为多哈回合谈判的成功提供了可能性。多哈回合谈判可以通过一个更公平的贸易领域促进全球经济发展,尤其是贫穷国家。从这一观点来看,全球金融或贸易体制已经发生了变化,以更好地反映全球南方国家的利益。
 
  After introducing worldly philosophy and the economic situation of our modern, globalizing world, let me return the question whether there is any place for worldly philosophy in today's world. Many people's answer are no, even the attitude of Robert heilbroner is skeptical, worrying and pessimistic. In his book, he wrote a lot of worldly philosophers, he gave a simple but comprehensive explanation of ideas of these great economists. He gave a picture of their lives and economic history to us. This guide is designed to supplement the book in order to instruct students in unfamiliar basic concepts, such as mercantilism, as well as in period of historical development in the social sciences, notably the scientific revolution, Renaissance, commercial revolution, and the Great Depression (Robert Louis, 1999). At the last of his book, he asked a question at the end such as "are we seeing the end of Worldly Philosophers?" The reason why he raised this question is that the field of economic is becoming more and more specialized. Very few economists insist to know all aspects of our world and to figure out how the various components of an economy such as land, labor and capital are intertwined with each other. He thought that only in this way, can economists become worldly philosophers and they make the worldly philosophy existing in our today's world. Here, I will give my arguments to support my view. Firstly, I don't think that professionalization of economy could cause the end of worldly philosophy. The modern world is complex and it is impossible to figure out all aspects of our world. Even in the times of Adam Smith, David Ricardo, they can't know about everything in their world. For example, Adam Smith was unable to predict how factory systems would change following revolutionary discoveries such as the steel-making process, which replaced the lowly pin factory(Robert Louis, 1953). What's more, David Ricardo also didn't predict the improvements of agricultural synthesis productivity in the century of 19. Secondly, I think whether there is worldly philosophy depends by the future. We can't judge whether a theory brought up in the present era is right when we are in the time. Because everything will change as time goes on, so will the definition of worldly philosophy. For example, Charles Fourier who was written in the book the worldly philosophers was considered as a madman in his times. However, he is thought as a great economist at present. Therefore, maybe someone who we even don't know could also become a great economist in the future. We should look the question in the light of its development. So I don't agree that worldly philosophy would end. Thirdly, specialization coupled with strong competitive pressures within academic leads to a situation in which academics often feel that they just do not have time to ponder broad issues and learn even basic simple facts outside their specialty (Robert J and Virginiam M, 2010). However, narrow specialization has its unique advantages. It can make for the improvement of science, at least along directions that have been shown by earlier visionaries who did not specialize so narrowly. More importantly, the spirit of cooperation has tapped into everywhere around the world. Maybe one person is only good at his knowledge field which is economics, but he can accomplish a work with other people together. The people could refine on sociology, ethics, political science and so on. Perhaps it is right to say that there are not any worldly philosophers in modern society, even in the future. But worldly philosophy wouldn't end. Fourthly, since globalization has been quite mature, one aspect of economy might influence a whole world. A small found in economy might become worldly philosophy like the influence of financial crisis in 2008. At first, it just came out in America. Then, it has swept the globe. Fifthly, Robert Louis Heilbroner has emphasized that worldly philosophy was in a pretty important position in our world in his book. Another reason why I think there is still a place for worldly philosophy is that our world would become disorderly and unsystematic if worldly philosophy doesn't exist. Since our today' world is still peaceful and love, there is no doubt that there is a place for worldly philosophy in this world.
  Although my attitude is optimistic towards this question, we still should take the problem seriously since it is true that there are few worldly philosophers like Marx today. It is worth to think about changes of this world.  
 
在介绍了世界哲学和我们这个全球化的现代世界的经济形势之后,让我再回答一个问题:世界哲学在当今世界是否还有一席之地?许多人的回答是否定的,甚至罗伯特·海尔布隆纳的态度也是怀疑、担忧和悲观的。在他的书中,他写了很多世故的哲学家,他对这些伟大的经济学家的思想做了简单而全面的解释。他给我们描绘了他们的生活和经济史。本指南旨在补充教材,以指导学生在不熟悉的基本概念,如重商主义,以及在社会科学的历史发展时期,特别是科学革命,文艺复兴,商业革命,和大萧条(罗伯特·路易斯,1999)。在他书的最后,他在书的最后提出了一个问题,比如“我们是否看到了哲学家们的末日?”他提出这个问题的原因是经济领域正变得越来越专业化。很少有经济学家坚持了解我们世界的方方面面,并弄清楚一个经济体的各个组成部分,如土地、劳动力和资本是如何相互交织在一起的。他认为,只有这样,经济学家才能成为世俗的哲学家,使世俗的哲学存在于我们今天的世界。在这里,我将给出我的论点来支持我的观点。首先,我不认为经济的专业化会导致世界哲学的终结。现代世界是复杂的,不可能了解我们世界的所有方面。即使在亚当·斯密,大卫·李嘉图的时代,人们也不可能知道他们世界里的一切。例如,亚当·斯密无法预测随着革命性的发现,如炼钢工艺取代了地位低下的针厂,工厂系统将会发生怎样的变化(罗伯特·路易斯,1953)。更重要的是,大卫·李嘉图也没有预测到19世纪农业综合生产力的提高。其次,我认为世界哲学是否存在取决于未来。我们不能在我们所处的时代判断一个理论是否正确。因为一切都会随着时间的推移而改变,世间哲学的定义也会随之改变。例如,查尔斯·傅里叶,他在《世俗哲学家》一书中写道,在他所处的时代,他被认为是疯子。然而,他目前被认为是一位伟大的经济学家。因此,也许某个我们甚至不知道的人将来也会成为一名伟大的经济学家。我们应该从发展的角度来看待这个问题。所以我不同意世界哲学会结束。第三,专业化加上学术领域内强大的竞争压力导致了这样一种情况,即学者们经常感到他们只是没有时间去思考广泛的问题,甚至学习他们专业之外的基本的简单事实(Robert J and Virginiam M, 2010)。然而,狭义专业化有其独特的优势。它可以促进科学的进步,至少可以沿着先前没有如此狭隘专攻的空想家所表明的方向前进。更重要的是,这种合作精神已经深入人心。也许一个人只擅长他的知识领域经济学,但是他可以和其他人一起完成一项工作。人们可以在社会学、伦理学、政治学等方面进行提炼。也许,在现代社会,甚至在未来,没有任何世俗的哲学家是正确的。但世俗的哲学并没有结束。第四,由于全球化已经相当成熟,经济的一个方面可能影响整个世界。经济领域的一个小发现可能会变成世界性的哲学,就像2008年金融危机的影响一样。起初,它只是在美国发行。然后,它席卷了全球。第五,Robert Louis Heilbroner在他的书中强调了世界哲学在我们这个世界中占有相当重要的地位。我认为世界哲学还有一席之地的另一个原因是,如果没有了世界哲学,我们的世界就会变得无序无序。由于我们今天的世界仍然是和平和爱,毫无疑问,在这个世界上有一个世界哲学。
 
虽然我对这个问题的态度是乐观的,但是我们仍然应该认真对待这个问题,因为像马克思这样的世俗哲学家在今天确实很少。思考这个世界的变化是值得的。
 
 

work cited 引用的文献

1、Robert Gilpin, “The Challenge of Global Capitalism:The World Economy in the 21st Century”,2000,Available online,
http://press.princeton.edu/chapters/i6778.html;
2、Anup Shah, "Criticisms of Current Forms of Free Trade", March 2006, Available online, http://www.globalissues.org/article/40/criticisms-of-current-forms-of-free-trade;
3、Robert Louis Heilbroner, "The Worldly Philosophers”, 1953, Available online,
http://www.cliffsnotes.com/literature/w/the-worldly-philosophers/about-the-worldly-philosophers;
4、Robert J. Shiller and Virgina M. Shiller, "Economists as Worldly
Philosophers", 2010, Available online, https://www.aeaweb.org/aea/2011conference/program/retrieve.php?pdfid=490       

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幽灵...... 2020-10-14

幽灵Ghost 下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文 --Ghost,文章讲述鬼,意思是人死后的灵魂。它将在世界上再次展现它一生的面貌。一般是指死者的幽灵出现在其家人面前的现象。迷信的人相......

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死刑...... 2020-10-14

死刑Capital Punishment 下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文 --Capital Punishment,文章讲述我选了一篇关于执行死刑是否正确的文章。据说,甚至在两个世纪前,英国国王有时甚至会杀死一个只犯了......

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给他们自由...... 2020-10-14

给他们自由Give Them Liberty 下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文 --Give Them Liberty,文章讲述美帝国主义出现在19世纪90年代的最后几年。根据Eric Foner的说法,正是在这个时候,当美国在国际舞......

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Essay代写范文-如何使用预...... 2020-10-14

Essay代写范文-如何使用预测分析来增加销售额How to use forecast analysis to increase sales 本文是一篇Essay代写范文,主要讨论了如何使用预测分析来增加销售额。零售是一个涵盖大量商业类型和模式的......

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Essay代写范文-爱人间的回...... 2020-10-14

Essay代写范文-爱人间的回忆History in Lovers Memory 本文是一篇Essay代写范文,题目为History in lovers memory,文章讲述历史的有趣之处在于它可以接受解释。由于文化,价值观和宗教的差异,可以用多......

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Essay代写范文-超现实主义...... 2020-10-14

Essay代写范文-超现实主义运动Surrealism Movement 本文是一篇Essay代写范文,题目为Surrealism movement,文章讲述超现实主义运动起源于1910年代末期和1920年代文学,尝试了一种称为自动写作或无意识行......

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Essay代写范文-慢慢读请求...... 2020-10-14

Essay代写范文-慢慢读请求报告Read The Request Report Slowly 本文是一篇Essay代写范文,题目为Read the request report slowly,文章讲述这本书的书名《历史》使我首先想知道这是否是一本严肃而乏味的教科......

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Essay代写范文-城市领导角...... 2020-10-14

Essay代写范文-城市领导角色The Role of a City Leader 本文是一篇Essay代写范文,题目为The role of a city leader,范文讲述在城市的一个繁忙区域,有一家食品工厂,由于管理不善导致长期损失,市领导计......

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Essay代写范文-关于设计的...... 2020-10-14

Essay代写范文-关于设计的一些看法Some views on design 下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文,题目为Some views on design,文章讲述在这种新可乐的案例中,可口可乐是美国文化的象征,当可口可乐......

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Essay代写范文-两位伟大的...... 2020-10-14

Essay代写范文-两位伟大的诗人Two poets have been called great men 下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文 -- Two poets have been called great men,文章讲述众所周知,史蒂夫史密斯和兰斯顿休斯是文学领域的......

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Essay代写范文-华为国际营...... 2020-10-14

Essay代写范文-华为国际营销原则分析 Analysis of Huaweis international marketing principles本文是一篇essay代写范文分享,题目为The Analysis of HUAWEIs International Marketing Principles,范文主要讨论了华为国际营销......

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