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时间:2021-10-16 19:00 来源: Essay代写

摘要:The problem of juvenile delinquency in Tuen Mun......

荷兰硕士毕业论文范文简介:在屯门新镇“青少年犯罪问题在最近几年已成为越来越多的惊人。根据最近的警方统计,这个数字在屯门记录的662人被捕是在1996年上半年在境内各警区中最高的。这些数字引起公众关注的背景下发生的青少年犯罪的计划在新的城镇住房。出现了许多问题,如:“为什么屯门遭受更多的未成年人犯罪比其他地方吗?”“是的未成年人犯罪比其他地方Essay范文更有利的环境,屯门吗?”和“有多远的环境特点的影响发生拖欠的机会吗?“。因此,下面的假设进行审查,我所提出的研究:..........

(i)建议标题
(II)简介
(三)简要文献回顾
环境变量和犯罪问题
理性选择
通过环境设计预防犯罪(CPTED)
参与观察法
个人访谈
社区观察
官方/非官方的统计分析
(V)建议研究时表
(VI)文献

(II) Introductioessy格式n  

The problem of juvenile delinquency in Tuen Mun's new town' has become more  and  more alarming in recent years. According to recent police statistics, the figure of 662 recorded juvenile arrests in Tuen Mun was the highest among all polessay sampleice districts in the territory in the first half of 1996. Such figures raise public concern about the occurrence of juvenile delinquency in the context of planned housing in the new towns. A number of questions arise, such as: " Why does Tuen Mun suffer more Juvenile Delinquency than other places? "  " Is the environment of Tuen Mun more favorable 写essayfor Juvenile Delinquency than other places? " and " How far do the environmental features influence the chances of delinquency occurring? ". Hence, the following hypothesis will be examined in my proposed study:  

" The environment of Tuen Mun's new town invites and provides more opportunities for juveniles to commit delinquency than other new towns and urban areas of HK."  )
I will compare juvenile delinquency in Tuen Mun's new town with two other areas in order to make the study more interesting. The first area, also a new town, is Tseung Kwan O, which has similar environmental features to Tuen Mun. The second area, Kowloon City, is an urban district and has different characteristics to Tuen Mun.

I will employ the "environmental perspective" in my study in order to attempt to explain the nature of juvenile delinquency. In addition, the related "situational crime prevention" approach which focuses on the "rational choice" of offenders will also be critically used to supplement an understanding of the factors involved in juvenile delinquency.  

The following proposal presents the "What" and "How" of my study. Using the "environmental" approach to study juvenile delinquency is a novel attempt in Hong Kong; therefore, I will rely on the ideas and methods developed in the west by, for example, Newman(1972), the Brantingham(1990) and Clarke and Felson(1993).  
 

(III) Brief Literature Revie

Environmental Variables and Crime  

The work of the pre-world war II Chicago researchers Shaw and Mcay made a major contribution to criminology by developing the "Ecological" approach to the under standing of the interaction between society and environment in crime causation. They theorized about social relations, urban social structure and their relationship with crime. Their study "Juvenile Delinquency and Urban Areas"(1942) showed that high crime areas usually straddled the industrial zone which was characterized by very high rates of residential turnover and low rates of home ownership. Shaw and McKay explained this phenomenon by the theory of "social disorganization". In short, they argued that differences in delinquency rates between areas was correlated with environmental variables like housing conditions, demographic stability and ethnic/social status.  ) G2 V- n# P7 O+ U3 \0 x' X

Later, a geographer Davidson (1981) tried to give a full proposal sample explanation for the relationship between environmental variables and crime. He classified environment into two categories-- physical environment and social environment. Physical environment referred to the structure and design of an area. For example, parks, leisure grounds, street patterns, commercial complexes and centers are the basic components of the physical environment. Social environment referred to a set of contexts which form the basis for social interaction outside the home such as school, recreation and neighborhood. Davidson's study suggested how both the social and physical environment provide opportunities for delinquency.  

The latest studies about physical environment and crime by Taylor and Harrell (1996) show how physical features like housing design or block layout, land use, territorial features, and physical deterioration relate to crime risk. My study will attempt to define and examine the pattern of such environmental variables in Tuen Mun, Tseung Kwan O and Kowloon City. Differences in the kinds of environmental factors found in the three study areas may provide hypothetically an explanation for differences in juvenile crime in Hong Kong.  4 m/ g! _. g0 s- j
 

Rational Choice  

本文标签: 荷兰留学生proposal范文Juvenile Del

[美国50所大学essay]荷兰留学生proposal范文:未成年人犯罪的新城市的环境变量之间的关系The Relatihttps://www.0592w.com/lunwengs/16251.html

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